Food Stamps and Wic

Topics: Poverty, Welfare, Nutrition Pages: 5 (1430 words) Published: June 30, 2010

Food Stamps and WIC
Welfare Reform and the Effect on the Family

Tracey Denise Battle

Strayer University


With the problems going on with unemployment in the US, we need to help the poor but we also need to monitor those who are receiving the help. To eliminate the frauds or those who are not trying to find work There is too much abuse and scamming with food stamps to even tolerate that program, it's corrupt and throws money away (Dave, 2009). WIC was established in 1972 as part of an initiative to help improve the nutrition of low income women and children (USDA, 2008a). The program was formerly known as the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children. The name was changed in 1994 under the Healthy Meals for Healthy Americans Act (USDA, 2008a). Only the name change and the program was essentially the same as it was in the past. However, with a small amount of intervention WIC and Food Stamps could return to the ethics that created them. The (USDA, 2008b) states the following: "Under this program, the state provides vouchers for participants to use at authorized food stores. Vouchers can only use them for foods that are considered nutritionally sound for the mother and child. The program plays an essential part in helping to lower Medicaid costs for women and children in the program. Since its beginning, the program has helped to lower Medicaid costs, and has been linked to longer gestation periods, higher birth weights, and lower infant mortality.”

Welfare reform and the Effect on the Family
This government sponsored program significantly improves low-income families’ ability to purchase food through using your (Electronic Benefits Transfer) card which is the identification card for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program / Food Stamp Program, which is issued the first three days of every month. The SNAP/ Food Stamp Program are state and local welfare offices. SNAP benefits are provided by the federal government and administered by the Department of Transitional Assistance.  Residents of the Commonwealth who participate in SNAP are families with children, elders and disabled.  Many are the working poor with limited income or those who are temporarily unemployed. The Food Stamp Program was established to help find a way to end hunger and improve the health of families around the world (USDA, 2005). Applying for food stamps is an extensive process. A personal interview is required for each household and the application process may be different in each state. Usually, one would contact the local food stamp office to attain an application. Many factors determine the eligibility of receiving food stamps. Those who generally work for low wages, are unemployed, receive welfare, are elderly or disabled and live on a small income, or are homeless are eligible for the program. More specifically, eligibility requirements depend on how many assets one has, and the amount of income one acquires. Under the food stamps rules, all types of incomes are accounted for to determine eligibility. That includes earned income and unearned income such as other public assistance programs or SSI. Most households must meet both gross and net income limits. (2008c) stated, "This is the highest share of the U.S. population on SNAP/food stamps," said the anti-hunger group Food Research and Action Center, using the new name for food stamps, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program [SNAP]. "Research suggests that one in three eligible people are not receiving ... benefits." People that need these services are denied while others take advantage of these programs. The actual evaluation of the programs is consistent with other evaluations that have been done of long term programs, such as Medicare and Social Security that have been run by the government. It seems that government intervention is needed in some...

Bibliography: Beretta, L. M. (1998). Evaluation of food assistance, nutrition education programs, and physical activity for limited resource families. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 98(9), 67-93.
Besharov, D. J., & Germanis, P. (2000). Evaluating WIC. Evaluation Review, 24(2), 123-190.
FNS. (2009). Supplemental nutrition assistance program (SNAP), Pre-screening eligibility tool. Retrieved from
Donald R., Habicht, J. P. & Barbara D. (2005). Household participation in the food stamp
and WIC programs increases the nutrient intakes of preschool children
Social Security Administration (2008)
South Dakota: Department of Revenue & Regulation (1999)
Avruch, S., Cackley, A. (1995) Savings Achieved by Giving WIC Benefits to Women Prenatally, Public Health Reports, Jan-Feb 1995, vol 110, #1, 27-34.
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