Food Security in the Caribbean

Topics: Food security, Food, 2007–2008 world food price crisis Pages: 32 (9279 words) Published: February 15, 2011
Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe Latin American and Caribbean Economic System Sistema Econômico Latino-Americano e do Caribe Système Economique Latinoaméricain et Caribéen

Food Security and Food Prices in Latin America and the Caribbean: Current Situation and Prospects

XXXVI Regular Meeting of the Latin American Council Caracas, Venezuela 27 to 29 October 2010 SP/CL/XXXVI.O/Di N° 11-10

Copyright © SELA, October 2010. All rights reserved. Printed in the Permanent Secretariat of SELA, Caracas, Venezuela. The Press and Publications Department of the Permanent Secretariat of SELA must authorize reproduction of this document, whether totally or partially, through sela@sela.org. The Member States and their government institutions may reproduce this document without prior authorization, provided that the source is mentioned and the Secretariat is aware of said reproduction.

Food Security and Food Prices in Latin America and the Caribbean: Current Situation and Prospects

SP/CL/XXXVI.O/Di N° 11-10

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FOREWORD EXECUTIVE SUMMARY I. EVOLUTION AND PROSPECTS OF FOOD PRICES I.1 I.2 II. III. 3 5

Persistence of structural and short-term factors affecting food prices 7 Market failures in consumer pricing at the national level 9 10 12

FOOD SECURITY IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN ACTIONS AND INITIATIVES FOR FOOD SECURITY IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN III.1 National initiatives for food and nutritional security in Latin America and the Caribbean: The case of Brazil’s Zero Hunger programme III.2 Regional actions for Food Security III.3 International initiatives with actions in Latin America and the Caribbean III.4 International Summits on food security IV. SELA’S PROPOSAL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MECHANISM FOR PRIORITY FOOD SUPPLY (MAPA)

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IV.1 Characteristics and functioning of the MAPA IV.2 The possible role of SELA in the implementation of the MAPA BIBLIOGRAPHY

Food Security and Food Prices in Latin America and the Caribbean: Current Situation and Prospects

SP/CL/XXXVI.O/Di N° 11-10

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This is the third document that the Permanent Secretariat of SELA submits for consideration of its Member States on the issue of food security and food prices. The first two papers1 were discussed during highlevel regional meetings on food security in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), convened by the organization so that the region could coordinate an appropriate response to the global food crisis and define the role of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA) at the regional level. These documents were praised by the Member States for their usefulness, timeliness and valuable proposals. The conclusions and recommendations of the meeting stressed the need for all LAC governments to maintain a permanent analysis on the different aspects related to the food crisis, underscoring the important role that SELA should play as a body for consultation and coordination in this matter. In this document, the Permanent Secretariat updates the previous one with recent information on the performance of commodity prices until the first half of 2010. It takes due account of their significant price decrease in comparison with the peak prices recorded during the first half of 2008, as of the second half of that year, and the start of a new recovery from the second quarter of 2009 up to now. The study analyzes the impact of such situation on food security and poverty levels in the various countries and subregions in LAC. The document also follows up on the main actions and measures adopted by LAC at the national, regional and subregional levels as regards the issue of food security. In addition, it reviews and describes the results of recent regional and international summits, conferences and initiatives in the area of food security.

1 SELA: “The increase in food prices: SELA’s response”,...


Bibliography: Junta de Coordinación de Agencias de Alto sobre la Crisis Alimentaria Mundial, “Marco Amplio para la acción”, 2008. FAO, “El Estado Mundial de la Agricultura y la Alimentación”, 2009. FAO, “Food Outlook”, June 2010. FAO, “Country responses to the food security crisis: Nature and preliminary implications of the policies pursued”, 2009. FAO, “Responding to the food crisis, synthesis of medium-term measures proposed in interagency assessments”, 2009. FAO, “Pressing Global and Regional Issues: Hunger-Free Latin America and the Caribbean Initiative”, 2008. FAO, “Panorama del Hambre en América Latina y el Caribe”, 2008. FAO-OECD, “Agricultural Outlook 2010-2019”, 2010. IICA, “Agricultura en América Latina y el Caribe, Bastión ante la Crisis… motor para el Desarrollo”, 2009. IICA, Carlos Pérez del Castillo, “La Agricultura de las Américas frente a la Agenda de Doha para el Desarrollo”, 2005. SELA, “The increase in food prices: SELA’s response”, (SP/RRAN-SAALC/DT N° 2-08), 2008. SELA, “Food crisis in Latin America and the Caribbean. Proposal for action at regional level” (SP/RCC-PAYSAAALC/DT N° 2-09), 2009. World Bank, “Rising Food Prices: Policy Options and World Bank response”, 2009.
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