Food Security and Hunger
Food security refers to the availability of food and one's access to it. A household is considered food-secure when its members do not live in hunger or fear of starvation. According to the World Resources Institute, global per capita food production has been increasing significantly for the past several decades. In 2006, MSNBC reported that globally, the number of people who are overweight has surpassed the number of those who are undernourished – the world had more than one billion people who are overweight, and an estimated 800 million who are undernourished. According to a 2004 article from the BBC, China, the world's most populous country, is suffering from an obesity epidemic. In India, the second-most populous country in the world, 30 million people have been added to the ranks of the hungry since the mid-1990s and 46% of children are underweight. Worldwide around 925 million people are constantly hungry due to extreme poverty, while up to 2 billion people lack food security occasionally due to varying degrees of poverty. Six million children die of hunger every year – 17,000 every day. As of late 2007, export restrictions and panic buying, US Dollar Depreciation, increased farming for use in fuels, world oil prices at more than $100 a barrel, global population growth, climate change, loss of agricultural land to residential and industrial development, and growing consumer demand in China and India are claimed to have pushed up the price of grain. The ongoing global credit crisis has affected farm credits, despite a boom in commodity prices. Food security is a complex topic, which happens to many people!
The Extent of Hunger in the World
Food Security means all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to safe and nutritious food sufficient to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Food Security doesn’t mean that the food isn’t available it means that the resources aren’t there to acquire the food. According to World Health Organization in 2003, ‘‘Hunger afflicts one in every seven people on Earth.” Causes of Hunger and Food Security
In the 1900’s many efforts were made to try to reduce hunger, poverty, and food security, but it wasn’t successful as many world leaders expected it to be. Even though they tried to increase the production of food and provide it to people, yet people were still hungry. Even though lots of food was available it was not economically accessible to many people such as small tenant farmers, deficit farmers, landless labourers, etc. This means that these people and many more were too poor to buy the food that was available in the area. Poverty is the main reason why there are hungry people in developing countries! The laws, customs, conventions, and structure of the society determine people’s access to food. There are many reasons why developing countries lack food security, such as: * Low agricultural productivity caused by one or a combination of political, institutional, and technological constraints. * High seasonal and year-to-year variability in food supplies caused by one or a combination of lack of rainfall and insufficient water for crops and livestock. * Lack of off-farm employment opportunities contributes to low and unstable incomes in both urban and rural areas. The causes of and problems of food insecurity and poverty are linked, so in order to affect and improve either one of them they must both be improved! One of the ways in which the world community is working to reduce poverty in developing countries is by increasing agricultural production. Emphasising on the small farmers who are the poorest people in developing countries even though they are the ones helping to provide the food! So teaching these farmers’ sustainable methods of agriculture can increase production to benefit them, their families and communities. The Food and Agriculture Organization,...
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