Food Security

Topics: Food security, Malnutrition, World population Pages: 7 (1102 words) Published: June 30, 2015


Principles to Economics
30.501

Term I 2015

Lecturer : Peter Chan

Assignment
Interdiciplinary Essay: Food Security in Developing and Undeveloped countries Due: 25 June 2015

Student Name: YU
Student ID # 2151242

Food security has been a vital problem in the world over the past two decades, especially in undeveloped and developing countries. Food security is defined as “the state of having reliable access to an adequate, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life” (The World Food Summit, 1996). Unfortunately, food security has decreased in both undeveloped and developing countries, this has affected on people’s health, environment as well as economic. To begin with, food insecurity and poverty are problems that are faced by undeveloped and developing countries. According to The Hunger Map, in Afghanistan, proportion of undernourished in total population is 26.8%, Ethiopia has 32% of its population are undernourished, in Namibia, the proportion is 42.3% while this percentage in Zambia has reached 47.8%,… It is easy to observe that most of the countries has highest proportion of undernourished are undeveloped and developing countries which have slow economic development. In other words, food security and economic growth have a mutual interaction. It is only in a sustainable economy that the societies can solve the problems of hunger and famine, while food prices and agriculture can influence a country’s economy. Therefore, food insecurity and hunger can be blamed for poverty because of inability to buy food or lack of food resources. Even though Africa and Asia mostly are agricultural country with high quantity of exported agricultural products yet they have to face the most severe consequences of famine and food safety on many aspects especially people’s health. For instance, in those undeveloped countries they have poor quality of food which can affect negatively on human health. People in these countries do not have enough food to eat or have to eat unsafe and innutritious food. Poor nutrition leads in 45% of death in children under five each year (3.1 million children) (Hunger statistic, n.d.). Another problem is that unsafety food contains dangerous substances such as pesticide, herbicide which can affect not only human health but also the environment. This phenomenon has occurred in developing countries, a typical example is Vietnam with 189 food poisonous cases, of which approximately 54% are serious cases (Gia tăng số người tử vong do ngộ độc thực phẩm, 18/12/2014). Furthermore, during 2008-2009 economic crisis, although developing countries did not face an intermediate sharp economic slowdown as predicted, the transmission of international food prices to domestic markets was less certain than assumed (Globally almost 870 million…., n.d.). On contrary, in developed countries with strong economic growth, the number of undernourished people is much lower which estimated 16 million people (SOFI, n.d.) . Thanks to financial ability, these country have invested much money in agriculture which directly relates to food, so higher productivity due to technological improvements, better seeds and production methods can lead in a better food security result (Our food security dossier, 16/1/2013). What are the causes of food insecurity in undeveloped and developing countries? First cause is the population growth because of poor and uncontrolled population policies and low conditions of education. In recent decades, the population of the world has increased tremendously which creates an imbalance of food and population: food is being produced cannot meet people’s demand. Another cause is environmental issues including natural disasters, global warming, and climate variability. These problems all affect on the agriculture, cultivation as well as soil productivity which decrease food security and food prices as well (Causes, Effects and Way forward to food...

References: The FAO. (n.d.). Causes, Effects and Way forward to food insecurity. Retrieved on 22 June 22, 2015
The World Food Summit. (1996). Food Security. Retrieved on June 20, 2015 from http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story028/en/
The FAO. (2015).The Hunger Map 2015. Retrived on June 20, 2015 from http://www.fao.org/hunger/en/
The FAO. (2012). Globally almost 870 million chronically undernourished – new hunger report. Retrieved on June 22, 2015 from http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/161819/icode/
Word Food Programme. (2015). Hunger statistics. Retrieved on June 23, 2015 from http://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats
Baodientu.chinhphu. (2014). Gia tăng số người tử vong do ngộ độc thực phẩm [Increase in death rate because of food poisonous]. Retrieved on June 22, 2015 from http://baodientu.chinhphu.vn/Doi-song/Gia-tang-so-nguoi-tu-vong-do-ngo-doc-thuc-pham/216177.vgp
Oxfam international. (July 2011). Famine in somalia: causes and solutions. Retrieved on June 20, 2015 from https://www.oxfam.org/en/somalia/famine-somalia-causes-and-solutions
The GRID. (n.d.). Seven options for improving food security. Retrieved on June 18, 2015 from http://www.grida.no/publications/rr/food-crisis/page/3459.aspx
The Broker. (January 16, 2013). Our food Security Dossier. Retrieved on 18 June, 2015 from http://www.thebrokeronline.eu/Articles/Our-Food-Security-Dossier
The FAO. ( September, 2014). State of food insecurity in the World (SOFI 2014). Retrieved on 12 June, 2015 from http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/243839/icode/
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