Running Head: FOOD BORNE ILLNESS
Food Borne Illness
September, 04 2014
FOOD BORNE ILLNESS 2
The Food Borne Illness
Salmonella is a type of food poisoning that is borne from the salmonella bacterium. There are many types of these bacteria, but the most common in the United States are Typhimurium and Enteritidis. Eating foods that are contaminated with the bacteria catches the Salmonella virus. Food can become contaminated through the process of it being handled and the handler may be infected. Most often times the contaminated foods are from animals, such as poultry, beef, eggs, and milk. Other types of foods such as vegetables can also be contaminated. Most of the time, the contaminated food smells and looks normal. There is no indication that the food is contaminated. Food and safety news reported that Salmonella Typhimurium had an outbreak in 2008-2009. It was rated a nine on the “10 Deadliest Breakouts in U.S. History”. This outbreak covered across 46 states and is to known to have caused 714 illnesses, and 9 deaths. (Flynn, 2012) There are other ways to contract Salmonella. Salmonellosis is from the feces of an animal and those with diarrhea are more likely to have it. Sometimes people that come in contact with their pet’s feces can become FOOD BORNE ILLNESS
Contaminated with the salmonella virus.
Salmonella lives in the intestinal tracks of animals and humans. Once an animal or person is infected with salmonella, the virus will make the infected develop symptoms. Diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps are normally the most common system displayed. Anyone can catch the salmonella virus, but usually it is children and the elderly that have to be hospitalized if symptoms are severe enough. Salmonellosis can be diagnosed by taking a stool sample. There is no vaccination or cure the virus drug. It is important to keep hydrated, as dehydration takes effect from frequent diarrhea. In severe cases, the infected may have to have fluids given to them intravenously and also an antibiotic may have to be given because the virus has spread. The number one way to make sure the virus salmonella is not contracted is to cook food properly. Do not eat raw meat or raw eggs. Be aware that meat and eggs need to be cooked thoroughly through so it will kill all the bacteria. Wash all produce and peel it before you eat it. Make sure the meats and vegetables are being kept in separate locations. Make sure when cutting and cooking that different surfaced need to be used for different products. Do not use the same tool you cut with for both produce and meat. Washing hand is always important when handling foods. It helps to stop cross contamination and the chance of avoiding catching a salmonella virus.
FOOD BORNE ILLNESS
WebMD. (2011, February). Salmonellosis. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/food-poisoning/tc/salmonellosis-topic-overview Flynn, D. (2012, April). The 10 Deadliest Outbreaks in U.S. History — Revisited. Retrieved from http://www.foodsafetynews.com/2012/04/the-ten-deadliest-outbreaks-in-history-revisited/#.UZlXg7WTjSg References
CDC. (2012, April). Salmonella. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/general/index.html
References: CDC. (2012, April). Salmonella. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/general/index.html
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