Food Adulteration

Topics: Food, 2008 Chinese milk scandal, Adulterant Pages: 9 (2636 words) Published: July 5, 2013
V. Lakshmi et al., IJSIT, 2012, 1(2), 106-113

FOOD ADULTERATION
V. Lakshmi, R.V.LABS, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Food is adulterated to increase the quantity and make more profit. The food is sucked of its nutrients and the place where the food is grown is often contaminated.For example:Milk is mixed with water. Vanaspati is used as an adulterant for ghee. Ergot is used as an adulterant for cereals.Chalk-powder is used as an adulterant for flour.Chicory is used as an adulterant for coffee.Papaya seeds is used as an adulterant for pepper.Brick-powder is used as an adulterant for chilly-powder.tamarind seed powder is used as adulterant for coffee. wood powder is adulterated for turmeric and dhaniya powder.

What is adulteration?
An adulterant is a chemical substance which should not be contained within other substances (e.g. food, beverages, and fuels) for legal or other reasons. The addition of adulterants is called adulteration. The word is appropriate only when the additions are unwanted by the recipient. Otherwise the expression would be food additive. Adulterants when used in illicit drugs are called cutting agents, while deliberate addition of toxic adulterants to food or other products for human consumption is known as poisoning.

Some Adultered Foods in market and linked especially by children: Turmeric, dals and pulses such as moong or channa:Here adulterant is Metanil Yellow and Kesari Dal (Added to enhance the yellow colour of a food substance).It's harmful effect is that it is highly carcinogenic and if consumed over a continuous period of time it can also cause stomach disorders. Green chillies, green peas and other vegetables:Here adulterant is Malachite Green (To accentuate the bright, glowing green colour of the vegetable).Argemone seeds (used to add bulk and weight)that it is a coloured dye that has proven to be carcinogenic for humans if consumed over a long period of time. Mustard seeds and mustard oil:Here adulterant is Argemone seeds (used to add bulk and weight).Papaya seeds (used to add bulk)that the consumption of these could cause epidemic dropsy and severe glaucoma. Young children and senior citizens with poor immunity are more susceptible this.

IJSIT (www.ijsit.com), Volume 1, Issue 2, November-December 2012

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V. Lakshmi et al., IJSIT, 2012, 1(2), 106-113 Paneer, khoya, condensed milk and milk:Here adulterant is starch (used to give itthick, rich texture).It 's harmful effect is that it is unhygienic, unprocessed water and starch can cause stomach disorders. Starch greatly reduces the nutritional value of the ingredient. Ice cream:Here adulterant is pepperonil,ethylacetate,butraldehyde,emil acetate,nitrate,washing powder etc are not less than poison. Pepperoil is used as a pesticide and ethyl acetate causes terribble diseases affecting lungs, kidneys and heart. Ice cream is manufactured in extremely cold chamber where fat is hardened and several harmful substances are added. Also a kind of gum is added which is sticky and slow melting. This gum is obtained by boiling animal parts like tail,the nose,the udder etc. Black pepper: Here adulterant is Papaya seeds (used to add bulk).It 's harmful effect is that Papaya seeds can cause serious liver problems and stomach disorders. Coffee powder: Here adulterant is Tamarind seeds, chicory powder (used to add bulk and colour).It 's harmful effect is that it can cause diarrhea, stomach disorders, giddiness and severe joint pains.

Figure 1 Some other adulterants: The starch in rice powder or wheat flour, often added to thicken cream, could be identified by the blue colour produced by a dilute solution of iodine in aqueous potassium iodide. Red wine adulterated with the juice of bilberries or elderberries produced a deep blue precipitate with lead acetate. Of all forms of adulteration the most reprehensible was the use of poisonous colouring matters in the manufacture of jellies and sweets. The bright colours used to attract...


References: 1. The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act & Rules (as on 1.10.2004). 1972 to 2012(2) (80 bound volumes). 3. 4. 5. An Exhaustive Commentary on - The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act & Rules (Central and States with State Amendments) - A Book Review PREVENTION OF FOOD ADULTERATION, ACT 1954. The fight against food adulteration.
2. Prevention of Food Adulteration Cases (FAC) including Food Safety & Standards Act, Rules, Regulations Cases
IJSIT (www.ijsit.com), Volume 1, Issue 2, November-December 2012
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