Complete topic review. Put the answers in a different color.
List the 4 key behaviors for wellness.
1. Positive food choices
2. Physically active
3. Managing stress
4. Alcohol/drug free
Explain the role of science in food.
Science tells you what nutrients do in your body and how nutrients work together
Explain why people who enjoy their food may absorb more nutrients from it.
The brain reacts from the senses (sight and smell). It instructs your mouth and stomach to make chemicals that help digest food.
What 5 factors contribute to different cultures having such different cuisines and food customs?
Geography, Economics, Foreign Contacts, Religious Belief, Technology.
List the 4 main components of the food chain and explain the function of each.
Sun: The sun supplies the original energy for the planer in the form of light. This energy is needed to make food.
Producers: Some organisms make or produce food. Green plants are important producers. Plants use the sun’s energy to produce food for themselves.
Consumers: Organisms that must eat other organisms.
Decomposers: Organisms such as bacteria and fungi that break down dead matter and return the nutrients to the environment.
List the 5 reasons for using food additives.
1. Additive flavoring
2. Improving nutrition
3. Increase shelf life
4. Maintaining texture
5. Helping foods age
Define the following:
Nutrient – a chemical substance that your body needs to function, grow, repair itself, and create energy
Wellness – good health and positive well-being. Includes physical, mental, and emotional health
Comfort foods – are familiar foods that make people fell good
Culture – the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively
Cuisines – may be particular to a country or region, or it may be a blend from different areas
Staple food – the most widely produced and eaten food in an area
Ecosystem – an