Topics: Flower, Plant stem, Plant morphology Pages: 4 (1059 words) Published: March 13, 2013
Flower arrangement is the combination of several elements to produce a visually pleasing display of fresh, silk or dried flowers. Flowers are arranged in several basic designs, including vertical, horizontal, triangular, crescent, and oval arrangements. Other options include a minimal arrangement, such as the lazy “S” or “Hogarth’s Curve,” and free-standing arrangements. Hogarth’s curve is named for English painter William Hogarth who introduced designs shaped like the curves of the letter “s” into floral design. The elements of flower arrangement include line materials, which are the first pieces placed in a design to establish the overall width and height. Next, the dominant materials are inserted. These are form flowers, such as lilies, irises or peonies. Next, place smaller mass flowers, or secondary materials, in between the dominant selections. Filler flowers are an optional next step. Special materials, such as moss or vines, add texture to an arrangement. The accent of a flower arrangement might be a focal point including a statue or figurine or might be the impact of a single color. Open flowers also add accent to a flower arrangement. Many tools make flower arrangement easier. Dried foam holds silk or artificial flowers in place. A “frog” is a metal device often used when dried foam will not work, for example in a clear glass vase. It holds flowers in place between its steel pins. Glass marbles and river rock hold stems in clear receptacles as well.

Horizontal Arrangements

1. Using a relatively shallow container, anchor foam with a lot of glue or use anchor pins, and position sprays of line flowers to establish the shape of the design. 2. Insert focal flowers in the middle so they gently droop over the lip of the container on both sides, reach towards the line material and extend on either side of the middle. Leave room for filler flowers. 3. Fill in and around focal area with filler flowers and foliage. Vertical arrangements

1. Wedge or secure...
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