Flora and Fauna in the Philippines

Topics: Deer, Philippines, Endangered species Pages: 16 (5845 words) Published: April 3, 2013
Flora and Fauna in Philippines

Philippines Natural Resources
Non Renewable Resources in Philippines
Philippines Natural Resources
Renewable Resources in Philippines
Water Resources in Philippines

The Philippines is one of the world's biodiversity hotspots, possessing more than 12,000 different species of plants, 560 recognized bird species, 180 species of terrestrial mammals, 250 reptiles, 400 species of coral, and 1,000 different fishes. A good percentage of these species are also endemic to the country and are never found anywhere else in the world.

The mammalian fauna of the Philippine Islands is now known to include 201 species: 21 are marine mammals, 172 are native terrestrial mammals, and 7 are introduced, non-native species that occur in the wild. With 111 (64%) of the terrestrial native species as endemics, the archipelago has one of the highest per-area levels of endemism in the world, on the basis of both absolute numbers and percentage. Since the last checklist was published, in 1987, sixteen new species have been discovered —currently one of the highest rates of discovery in the world.

The Philippines rich volcanic soil, bright sunshine and enough rain account for the healthy growth of thousands of plant species in the archipelago. From about 3000 species of giant trees to thousands more species of mosses and lichens, Philippine forests comprise variety of plant life that not one of its neighbors has.

The Bamboo which has 54different species thriving throughout the country is a fast-growing timbered grass which can be transformed into lots of income generating products such as music instruments, handicrafts, bags, lamps, furniture.

The Coconut Palm is another interesting plant which can be utilized for similar usage. It is mainly found in the lowlands and has fruit that produces oil, vinegar and liquor. Narra the proclaimed national tree of the Philippines is the source of hardwood and proven to have the highest quality for furniture making and home furnishing. Another crop which is unnatural to the Philippine plant life is the Pili Nut. It is the fruit of an immense growing tree that commonly thrives in the rich soil of Bicol provinces particularly Sorsogon. Sampaguitais the national flower, but there are about 1000 species of orchids.

Richest Biodiversity
A great number of rare and exotic animals exist only in the Philippines. The country's surrounding waters reportedly have the highest level of biodiversity in the world. But this distinction was soon overshadowed by the fact that the Philippines has been dubbed as the "hottest of the hotspots" by no less than the Conservation International. The Philippines is considered as a mega diversity country and a global biodiversity hotspot. In the 2000 Red List of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), 418 of the country's 52,177 species were listed as threatened. The country is home to about 9,000 species of flora, a third of which is said to be endemic to the country. It hosts 165 species of mammals, 121 of which can be found only in this part of the world. The Philippine Biodiversity Conservation Priority-setting Program (PBCPP) described these 165 endemic mammal species as endangered or critically endangered. There are also 332 species of reptiles and amphibians living in the country, 215 of them endemic to the archipelago. It is said that less than 14 of the 114 total species of snakes in the country are poisonous. Several species of frogs and other reptiles remain to be documented. Unfortunately, several species were believed to have vanished without being studied.  In 1953, Albert Herre identified 2,117 species of fish in Philippine waters. These included 330 species of endemic freshwater fish. Whales, dolphins and whale sharks have also been visiting Philippine waters near the islands, allowing sightings by both marine scientists and commercial fishermen. About 500 of the 800 known...
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