Flood Impact Assessment

Good Essays
Topics: Agriculture, Flood
Focus on UNDP Interventions in
Ampara, Sri Lanka

OVERVIEW

The second week of January 2011, heavy rains caused extensive flooding in most parts of Eastern Province. On 11th & 12th of January & 17th – 19th January, the UNDP-Ampara assessed the district to determine flood impact for livelihood, Infrastructures facilities, human life & impact for its livelihood development interventions.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The 2011 monsoon induced flooding in Ampara constitutes an evolving crisis on an unprecedented scale. The impact of the flood has varied. Flatter areas of Ampara affected by Flash flood & and highly destructive, Riverine flooding has been a very destructive phenomenon, although with a slower onset, affecting densely populated and cultivated areas. In lower Akkarapattu & Kalmunai, the ongoing riverine flooding may have longer lasting effects.

By 19th January 2011 nearly 0.5 million people were directly affected by the flood Reported 11 deaths. Around 1100 houses fully damaged or made unlivable & nearly 4800 houses partially damaged due to flood victims. More than 2700 hectares of standing crops were damaged or lost. More than 60 percent lost immediate access to their primary livelihood and are faced with a drop. Livestock was severely impacted with on average 40% of livestock lost by flood affected households. Also flood causing millions of LKR in looses and damages to infrastructure, housing, agriculture & livestock, and other family assets. Essential infrastructure & irrigation resources including roads, bridges & markets, Irrigation channels & some tanks has been severely damaged & many remains impassable.

This flood impact assessment is based on several just completed rapid surveys from different agencies & TRP rapid assessment findings. This Assessment aims to quantify the extent of damages & impact to TRP project sites & its interventions & other essential infrastructures. Agricultural production was heavily impacted with losses in standing

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