Flood

Powerful Essays
Topics: Water, Flood, Hydrology, River
-------------------------------------------------
Flood
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is normally dry.[1] The European Union (EU) Floods Directive defines a flood as a covering by water of land not normally covered by water.[2] In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of thetide. Flooding may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies, such as a river or lake, in which the water overtops or breaks levees, resulting in some of that water escaping its usual boundaries,[3] or it may occur due to an accumulation of rainwater on saturated ground in an areal flood. While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, these changes in size are unlikely to be considered significant unless they flood property or drown domestic animals.
Floods can also occur in rivers when the flow rate exceeds the capacity of the river channel, particularly at bends or meanders in the waterway. Floods often cause damage to homes and businesses if they are in the natural flood plains of rivers. While riverine flood damage can be eliminated by moving away from rivers and other bodies of water, people have traditionally lived and worked by rivers because the land is usually flat and fertile and because rivers provide easy travel and access to commerce and industry.
Some floods develop slowly, while others such as flash floods, can develop in just a few minutes and without visible signs of rain. Additionally, floods can be local, impacting a neighbourhood or community, or very large, affecting entire river basins.
-------------------------------------------------
Etymology[edit source | editbeta]
The word "flood" comes from the Old English flod, a word common to Germanic languages (compare German Flut,Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float; also compare with Latin fluctus, flumen). Deluge myths aremythical stories of a great flood sent by a

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    FLOODS

    • 835 Words
    • 3 Pages

    FLOODS What causes Floods? Heavy Rainfall: Causes increase in sea level rise etc. Over–saturated soil (when the ground can’t hold in any more water and could turn into mud etc): Infiltration can’t take place due to the soil’s impermeability resulting in so then surface run off will be increased. High River, Stream, and Sea Level (caused by heavy rain/particle expansion): The amount of water in the channel becomes too high, forcing water inland. Objects such as fallen trees and littering can causes…

    • 835 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Floods

    • 675 Words
    • 3 Pages

    defined as any tragic event stemming from events such as earthquakes, floods, catastrophic accidents, fires, or explosions. It is a phenomenon that can cause damage to life and property and destroy the economic, social and cultural life of people. A natural disaster is any event of force of nature that is caused by environmental factors that has catastrophic consequences. Natural disasters include: avalanches, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, impact events, landslides, mudslides, tornadoes, tsunamis…

    • 675 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Flood

    • 340 Words
    • 2 Pages

    TITLE : Flash Flood In Compostela Valley Statement of the Problem : Causes of Flash Flood. Intro : | Flash floods are floods that happen very suddenly and with little warning. They are very dangerous What is flash flood? A sudden local flood, typically due to heavy rain. | . A very heavy rain or an accident like a dam break can cause one.Sometimes the ground is too hard or too wet to soak up water. The only place the rain can go is downstream. Usually rainfall of more than one inch in…

    • 340 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Flood

    • 503 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The Flood Last winter, we drove up to New York to visit my grandparents for Christmas. The plan was to spend the holiday there, and take a train into New York City the next morning. My grandparents live in Syracuse, so it ended up being about a six hour train ride. When we arrived and stepped out onto the street from Penn Station, my jaw literally dropped. The city was amazing. It was like nothing I had ever seen before. It was late at night and the streets were as full as they would be during…

    • 503 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Floods

    • 289 Words
    • 2 Pages

    With a population of _____, Indonesia is facing problems in withstanding floods and environmental issues. When walking around on the streets, one thing people always notice is trash and polluted rivers. People throw things carelessly, which can block the canals and rivers, making them polluted and hard to maintain. Another part is the amount of weight we produce; cars, buildings adds on to the weight in which can cause the land to sink. For the past two decades, the environment and population…

    • 289 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    flood

    • 1213 Words
    • 5 Pages

    http://www.prlog.org/10089680-top-10-most-devastating-floods-in-history.html Wake Forest, NC – To fully understand the effect floods have on civilizations please enjoy the following list of the top 10 most devastating floods in history. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE PRLog (Press Release) - Jul. 15, 2008 - 1. Huang He (Yellow) River, China 1931 Death Toll: 1,000,000 to 3,700,000 The Huang He river is prone to flooding due to the surrounding low plains. A high silt content in the river (which…

    • 1213 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Flood

    • 478 Words
    • 2 Pages

    A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is normally dry.[1] The European Union (EU) Floods Directive defines a flood as a covering by water of land not normally covered by water.[2] In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide. Flooding may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies, such as a river or lake, in which the water overtops or breaks levees, resulting in some of that water escaping its usual boundaries,[3] or it may occur…

    • 478 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Flood

    • 275 Words
    • 2 Pages

    FLOOD A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is normally dry.[1] The European Union (EU) Floods Directive defines a flood as a covering bywater of land not normally covered by water.[2] In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide. Flooding may occur…

    • 275 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    2011, the state capital of Queensland, Brisbane, faced the second highest flood since the start of the 20th century. Major flooding occurred throughout the Brisbane River catchment, the Lockyer Creek and Bremer River. Which has now fundamentally impacted the residential property market. At the peak of the flood, approximately 11,900 homes were completely flooded while a further 14,700 homes were partially flooded. Numerous flood height records were broken and many suffered vastly from economic, social…

    • 1327 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Flash flood From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Driving through a flash-flooded road Nepal Monsoon A flash flood after a thunderstorm in the Gobi, Mongolia A flash flood is a rapid flooding of geomorphic low-lying areas: washes, rivers, dry lakes and basins. It may be caused by heavy rain associated with a severe thunderstorm, hurricane, tropical storm, or meltwater from ice or snow flowing over ice sheets or snowfields. Flash floods may occur after the collapse…

    • 1026 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays