Flammable Solid

Topics: Metal, Calcium, Liquid Pages: 1 (360 words) Published: August 16, 2013
Class 4 – Flammable Solids Division 4.1 – Flammable Solids are: • Wetted explosives that are Class 1 explosives when dry, that are sufficiently wetted to suppress explosive properties. • Self-reactive materials that are thermally unstable and can undergo strong exothermic decomposition even in the absence of oxygen. Readily combustible solids that can cause fire through friction, such as matches. Powdered, granular or pasty materials must be classified as Division 4.1 when the time of burning of one or more of the test runs, per the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, is less than 45 seconds or the rate of burn is more than 2.2 mm/sec. Powders of metals or metal alloys are classified as Division 4.1 when they can be ignited and the reaction spreads over the whole length of the sample in ≤ 10 minutes. Division 4.2 – Spontaneously Combustible include the following categories: • Pyrophoric materials – liquids or solids that can, without an external ignition source, ignite within 5 minutes after coming into contact with air. • Self-heating materials – substances that, when in contact with air and without an energy supply, are liable to self-heat. A material of this type that exhibits spontaneous ignition, or if the temperature exceeds 200º C (393º F) during the 24 hour test period, is classified as a Division 4.2 Division 4.3 – Dangerous When Wet materials are materials that, when in contact with water, are liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate of > 1L/kg of material/hr. The following list contains some examples of Class 4 materials, but is not all inclusive: Flammable Solids Matches Nitrocellulose membrane filters Silicon powder Wetted explosives Sulfur Titanium Powder, wetted Zinc resinate Naphthalene Spontaneously Combustible Activated carbon Lithium alkyds Pentaborane Phosphorus Potassium sulfide, anhydrous Oily rags Seed cake Sodium sulfide, anhydrous Butyl lythium Dangerous When Wet Alkaline earth metal alloys...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Two Types of Solids Essay
  • Solid State Essay
  • Essay on Flammable and Combustible Liquids
  • Bonding in Solids Essay
  • Essay about Purity and Purification of Solids--Melting Points
  • Semi Solid Metal Casting Essay
  • Essay about Identification of Inorganic Solids
  • Specific Heat Of Solids Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free