Five Factor Model

Topics: Big Five personality traits, Personality psychology, Psychology Pages: 3 (873 words) Published: April 27, 2014
The Five Factor Model was developed by Raymond Cattell as way to describe human personality, and disorders. The intention was for it to help personality disorders and to help us improve the general understanding of personality. There have been many models that have risen, and some are more accepted than others, but the most prominent one would be the five-factor model of personality. The Five-Factor theory is one of the newest models developed for the description of personality, and the model shows to be one of the most practical and applicable models available in the field of personality psychology. The Big Five consists of five broad personality traits: Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Conscientiousness, and Openness. A self-report questionnaire has also been developed to measure people’s standing on each factor by asking how much they agree that various statements describe them (Cloninger 156).

The first factor, Extraversion is typified by sociability, cheerfulness, and activity. An important dimension of it is that it predicts many social behaviors. For example, extraverted subjects, in a study in which they kept record of their social interactions, interacted with more people than did those low in extraversion; they also reported having more control and intimacy in those interactions. Extraversion predicts the development of social relationships during college. One facet of extraversion that is low shyness, also predicts falling in love. For example, “After a year in college, about one in three shy students, compared to three out of four non shy students, reported being in love” (Cloninger 157). Another core feature about extraversion is that it’s a positive emotional experience, and even they are more biologically more responsive to pleasure than others are. In other words, it is not a serene happiness, but an active, energetic happiness that characterizes the typical extravert (Cloninger 157).

Agreeableness is typified by a friendly,...
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