CHAPTER 1. THE PROBLEM AND ITS RESEARCH DESIGN
1.1.1 Rationale of the Study
Birth order is the rank of siblings by age and often believed to have a profound and lasting effect on IQ development. Intelligence Quotient is a score derived from one of several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence. A newly discovered study has caught the heed of the researchers that concerns how cleverer a child in accordance to the birth order of an offspring. Those born earlier perform better in school. Moms and dads simply go easy on their later-born kids, according to data analyzed by economists V. Joseph Hotz and Juan Pantano, and as a result, first-born children tend to receive both the best parenting and the best grades. For about 33.8 percent of mothers polled stated that their first-born was "one of the best students in the class," and only 1.8 put their children at the bottom. With each successive child, the former number fell and the latter rose — only 31.8 percent said their second was one of the best, 29 percent said the same of their third, and 27.2 percent rated their fourth in the top. Conversely, the "near the bottom of the class" numbers rose: 2 percent rated their second the worst, 2.1 the third and 3.6 the fourth. The critical moms of the world are right, though — the study found that the first-born children have consistently higher GPAs and test scores. Parents are toughest to first-born children when it comes to norms and sanctions and it would be less likely to later-born children. Strict parenting helps first-born children to do better in school. Typical characteristics can be identified by the following birth order: First Child
Is only child for period of time; used to being center
Believes must gain and hold superiority over other children. Being right, controlling often important.
May respond to birth of second child by feeling unloved and neglected. Strives to keep or regain parents’ attention through conformity. If this failed, chooses to misbehave. May develop competent, responsible behavior or become very discouraged. Sometime strives to protect and help others.
Strives to please.
Never has parents’ undivided attention.
Always has sibling ahead who’s more advanced.
Acts as if in race, trying to catch up or overtake first child. If first child is “good,” second may become “bad.” Develops abilities first child doesn’t exhibit. If first child successful, may feel uncertain of self and abilities. May be rebel.
Often doesn’t like position.
Feels “squeezed” if third child is born.
May push down other siblings.
Behaves like only child.
Feels every one bigger and more capable.
Expects others to do things, make decisions, take responsibility. Feels smallest and weakest. May not be taken seriously.
Becomes boss of family in getting service and own way.
Develops feelings of inferiority or becomes “speeder” and overtakes older siblings. Remains “The Baby.” Places others in service.
If youngest of three, often allies with oldest child against middle child.
The researchers decided to start the research upon providing IQ tests for grade one students to substantiate the subject matter that supports the researchers’ bone of contention.
1.1.2 Theoretical Background
First children typically are smarter than later born kids in view of the fact that they are well showered with the contemplation of the parents. Eldest tends to achieve higher intellectual tests in contrast with the second or third child.
The following are some of the leading older-kids-are-smarter theories reviewed by the economists, V. Joseph Hotz and Juan Pantano which push back against the principle of first pancakes. 1) The Divided-Attention Theory: Earlier-born siblings enjoy more time, care and attention than later-born siblings because attention is divided between fewer kids. 2) The Bad-Genes Theory: The strong evidence of higher IQs among first...
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