First And Second Generation Antipsychotics Case Study

Good Essays
First Generation and Second Generation Antipsychotics
First Generation atypical antipsychotics (FGA) were introduced to the United States in the 1950’s as a way to help individuals who experienced psychosis (Preston, O’Neal, & Talaga, 2013). FGA are characterized by low and high potencies. FGA are broken down by potency to distinguish if the medication is a higher or lower amount and the frequency needed to result in effective treatment. Researchers noticed FGA were effective in treating psychotic symptoms, however the side effects are abundant. Individuals began to experienced extrapyramidal, anticholinergic, antiadrenergic, and tardive dyskinesia side effects (Preston et al., 2013). Researchers began to develop medication that would be as effective, but without the severe side
…show more content…
This paper will discuss the severe and irreversible side effects of antipsychotics along with the neurotransmitters involved. The paper will then go into detail of the challenges counselors face when working with individuals with psychosis. In the end, the paper will discuss a case study of John, who is schizophrenic and needs antipsychotics to function in life.
Antipsychotic medication side effects As all medications produce, there are severe side effects that can stem from FGA and SGA. The three recognized severe side effects from antipsychotics are, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, argranulocytosis, and diabetes (Preston et al., 2013). The reason these side effects are so severe, is for the fact that they can create irreversible problems and could lead to coma or death (Preston et al., 2013). Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a neurological disorder characterized by

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    treated and as well stigmatized; But, as it stands the current issue is the over usage of antipsychotics and the lack of sufficient treatment. In Whitaker (2015) podcast he pointed out the flaws of antipsychotics suggesting that if antipsychotics were indeed effective society would see a decrease in diagnosis; furthermore, as you pointed out from Whitaker podcast the fact that long-term use of antipsychotics may induce deterioration. As I shared in my post, I have personally witnessed this. I as well…

    • 252 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    A Second Generation of Books

    • 2562 Words
    • 11 Pages

    l d e n , U SA S OI N S o c i o l o g i c a l I n q u i r y 0 0 3 8 - 0 2 4 5 © 2 0 0 8 A l p h a Ka p p a D e l t a X XX O r i g i n a l A r t i c l e s B OO K REV I EW ESSAY B OO K REV I EW ESSAY After Katrina: A Second Generation of Books (1) The Sociology of Katrina: Perspectives on a Modern Catastrophe , by David L. Brunsma, David Overfelt, and J. Steven Picou, eds. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 2007. 288 pp. $29.95 (2) Through the Eye of Katrina: Social…

    • 2562 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    First Generation

    • 294 Words
    • 2 Pages

    1. First Generation (1944-1959) Vacuum tube as a signal amplifier, it was a typical first-generation computer. Initially, vacuum tubes (vacuum-tube) are used as a component of the signal amplifier. Raw materials consist of glass, so much has disadvantages, such as: easily broken, and easy to distribute the heat. This heat needs to be neutralized by other components that serve as a coolant. And with the additional component, the computer finally appeared to be a big, heavy and expensive. In 1946…

    • 294 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Debra DeLaet explains that the United Nations differentiates between civil and political rights (first generation rights), and economic, social and cultural rights (second generation rights). While both sets of rights are vital to ensure basic human rights in any society, second generation rights are more essential in enabling people to lead dignified lives. At least some version of first generation rights are guaranteed to citizens of most democratic societies. In contrast, economic, social and…

    • 1331 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Antipsychotics Essay

    • 439 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Overview of Antipsychotics As discussed by (Jasovic-Gasic, et.al.2012), over half a century ago through serendipitously actions, by Daley et.al stumbled on a discovery that would change the thought of pharmacologic treatment of psychotic illness for good. Delay discovered that antihistamine (chlorpromazine) was effective in relieving psychotic symptoms. This discovery catalyzed further conduct of investigative experiments to explain this phenomenon. The experiments conducted, on animal subjects…

    • 439 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Second Generation Computers (1956-1963) The computers built in the 1950s and 1960s are considered the 2nd generation computers. These computers make use of the transistors invented by Bell Telephone laboratories and they had many of the same components as the modern-day computer. For instance, 2nd generation computers typically had a printer, some sort of tape or disk storage, operating systems, stored programs, as well as some sort of memory. These computers were also generally more reliable…

    • 547 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    First Generation

    • 489 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Heidy Nuñez Prof. Gleason Eng 1A 8/29/12 Reading Response #1 In James Baldwin's essay, "The American Dream and the American Negro," the author’s main argument reflects on the experience of black Americans being excluded from the so called “American Dream.” According to Baldwin, his culture and entire history is meaningless in the white society around him. The author states, “It comes as a great shock to discover that the country which is your birthplace and to which your life and…

    • 489 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    A Case Study of A New Product in Hong Kong, 1995 Cordless Telephone Second Generation (CT2) William Y S Chan Jul 2012 A Project Assignment Submitted in Partial Fulfillment Of the requirement for the Professional Qualification Certified Management Accountant (CMA) Of the Institute of Certified Management Accountant, Australia 1 CS:CT2-HK Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction 3 Chapter 2 Objective 4 Literature Review – (1) New Product Development Process 4 (2) Product…

    • 6884 Words
    • 41 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    possible medication that can be subscribed to treat symptoms, such as “antipsychotic, antidepressant, and anticonvulsant drugs” that are used to help prevent delusions and hallucinations. According to textbook Conventional antipsychotic medication and second generation antipsychotic are used to reduce anxiety and agitation as well as to prevent hallucinations and delusional behavior (Graham, 2014, p. 168-169). The conventional antipsychotic includes “haloperidol and Chlorpromazine “which are very effective…

    • 192 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    First Generation Students

    • 632 Words
    • 3 Pages

    First-generation students are the first in their families attend a post-secondary institution. They are more likely to face many challenges in university life and how they experience their higher education. “Within the institution, first-generation students may have lower levels of academic and social integration” (Billson and Terry, 1982), and have, as Terenzini and associates (1996) point out, “less positive out-of-class experiences than traditional students”. In fact, many research studies have…

    • 632 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays