First Aid Guide

Topics: First aid, Infection, Wound Pages: 4 (796 words) Published: June 8, 2013
A.1 Introduction
A.1 Introduction

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A.2 Aims of First Aid
A.2 Aims of First Aid
First aid is the initial care taken for illness or injury. First aid kit generally consists of a series of simple and, in some cases, potentially life-saving techniques that an individual can be trained to perform with minimal equipment.

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The main aim of first aid is to save life. Other two aims are to prevent further harm and to promote recovery.

A.3 Things to be Present in First Aid Kit
A.3 Things to be Present in First Aid Kit
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Following are the things to be present in first aid kit:- * first-aid manual
* sterile gauze pads of different sizes
* adhesive tape
* adhesive bandages in several sizes
* elastic bandage
* a splint
* antiseptic wipes
* soap
* antibiotic ointment
* antiseptic solution (like hydrogen peroxide)
* hydrocortisone cream (1%)
* acetaminophen and ibuprofen
* extra prescription medications (if the family is going on vacation) * tweezers
* sharp scissors
* safety pins
* disposable instant cold packs
* calamine lotion
* alcohol wipes or ethyl alcohol
* thermometer
* tooth preservation kit
* plastic non-latex gloves (at least 2 pairs)
* flashlight and extra batteries
* a blanket
* mouthpiece for administering CPR (can be obtained from your local Red Cross) * your list of emergency phone numbers
* blanket (stored nearby)
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Fig.1 A First Aid Kit
A.4 Skills Required for First Aid
A.4 Skills Required for First Aid

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Certain skills are very important to provision of first aid. Particularly about the Airway, Breathing and Circulation. Before...
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