First Aid Compilation

Topics: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, First aid, Cardiac arrest Pages: 7 (1585 words) Published: March 8, 2011
First aid compilation
What is first Aid?
Is an immediate care given to a person who has been injured or suddenly taken ill.

General objective’s of First Aid
* To alleviate suffering
* To prolong life
* To prevent added/ further injury

Different kinds of injuries and the procedure on how to give first aid said injuries:

Minor burns
* Procedure

* Take the person away from the source of burning and let the airway of the victim be open. * You can remove the parts of the clothing stuck to the body after burning, but not the ones that are difficult removing off. * Cover the body with a clean cloth loosely around the body. * Control the bleeding by applying light pressure taking care not to scratch or rub the burnt parts * Attend to the victim till any medical help arrives.

* In the case of a chemical burn, brush off any dry chemical powder on the body. Then wash the body with clean water for 20 minutes at least or until the medical help arrives.

Snake bites
* Procedure

1. Safety first! Get away from the snake. That's probably why it bit in the first place. Follow universal and wear personal protective equipment if you have it. 2. Call 911 immediately! Waiting until the pain may lead to permanent tissue damage. Remember that calling 911 on a cell phone is different than a regular phone. 3. Do not elevate. Keep the bite below the level of the heart. 4. Wash the area with warm water and soap.

5. Remove constricting clothing and jewelry from the extremity. The area may swell and constricting items will cause tissue death. 6. If the snake is an elapid species (coral snakes and cobras), wrap the extremity with an elastic pressure bandage. Start from the point closest to the heart and wrap towards the fingers or toes. Continue to keep the bite lower than the heart. 7. Follow the basics of first aid while waiting for responders to arrive. Be especially concerned about the potential for shock. Sprain

* Procedure

* Step 1:  Recognize a sprain

* Aside from the usual cry of pain, a sprain may be distinguished by several in the affected area.  Severe sprains cause torn ligaments, which will lead to the swelling of the area.  Bruises may also be seen in the area. while the affected joint may also be difficult to move. * Warning:  Broken bones will also cause swelling, so it is important to be aware on how to properly assess common injuries like these.

* Step 2:  Follow P-R-I-C-E.

* P-R-I-C-E is the recommended way to treat sprains.  P means to protect the area from further injuries.  R stands for rest the affected area. As much as possible, do not use the affected joint.  In case that you really have to use it, do not make it bear as much weight as possible.  I mean ice.  Use it to alleviate the pain and the swelling. You can use clean ice packs or ice bags on the affected area.  C stands for compress the area by using clean bandages.  Finally, E means elevate the affected joint to control the flow to the area, limiting the swelling. This can be done by lying down and rest the affected area above the rest of your body. Minor wounds

* Procedure

* 1.     Clean the wound.

* 2.     Apply an OTC antibiotic ointment/cream and a first-aid antiseptic solution (antiseptics are sometimes optional).     

* 3.     Use an appropriate dressing to cover the site.

* To clean your wound, the best thing to use is a normal saline (sodium chloride 0.9%) solution.  You can simply pour it over the wound or use a blue bulb (most commonly found in the baby section of a store) for gentle cleansing. Wound Wash Saline is a normal saline spray that comes in a can and is used to clean wounds (it is found in most drugstores).

Severe bleeding

* Procedure

1. If possible, have the bleeding person lie down and position his or her head so that it is slightly lower than the trunk. Also, try to elevate his...
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