First Aid

Topics: First aid, Pulse, Blood Pages: 165 (51877 words) Published: August 30, 2013
FM 4-25.11 (FM 21-11) NTRP 4-02.1 AFMAN 44-163(I)

FIRST AID

HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENTS OF THE ARMY, THE NAVY, AND THE AIR FORCE

DECEMBER 2002
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*FIELD MANUAL NO. 4-25.11 NAVY TACTICAL REFERENCE PUBLICATION NO. 4-02.1 AIR FORCE MANUAL NO. 44-163(I)

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, THE NAVY, AND THE AIR FORCE Washington, DC, 23 December 2002

FIRST AID TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE CHAPTER 1. 1-1. 1-2. 1-3. 1-4. 1-5. 1-6. CHAPTER 2. 2-1. Section I. 2-2. 2-3. 2-4. 2-5. 2-6. 2-7. 2-8. 2-9. 2-10. 2-11. 2-12. .............................................................. FUNDAMENTAL CRITERIA FOR FIRST AID General .................................................... Terminology .............................................. Understanding Vital Body Functions for First Aid............................................. Adverse Conditions...................................... Basics of First Aid ....................................... Evaluating a Casualty ................................... Page v 1-1 1-2 1-3 1-7 1-7 1-8

BASIC MEASURES FOR FIRST AID General .................................................... 2-1 Open the Airway and Restore Breathing............. 2-1 Breathing Process ........................................ 2-1 Assessment of and Positioning the Casualty ........ 2-1 Opening the Airway of an Unconscious or not Breathing Casualty ..................................... 2-3 Rescue Breathing (Artificial Respiration)............ 2-6 Preliminary Steps—All Rescue Breathing Methods.................................................. 2-6 Mouth-to-Mouth Method ............................... 2-7 Mouth-to-Nose Method ................................. 2-9 Heartbeat .................................................. 2-9 Airway Obstructions..................................... 2-10 Opening the Obstructed Airway—Conscious Casualty.................................................. 2-11 Opening the Obstructed Airway—Casualty Lying Down or Unconscious ................................. 2-14 i

_________ *This publication supersedes FM 21-11, 27 October 1988

FM 4-25.11/NTRP 4-02.1/AFMAN 44-163(I)

Page Section II. 2-13. 2-14. 2-15. 2-16. 2-17. 2-18. 2-19. 2-20. Section III. 2-21. 2-22. 2-23. 2-24. CHAPTER 3. 3-1. 3-2. 3-3. 3-4. 3-5. 3-6. 3-7. 3-8. 3-9. 3-10. 3-11. 3-12. 3-13. 3-14. 3-15. 3-16. 4. 4-1. 4-2. 4-3. 4-4. 4-5. 4-6. 4-7. 4-8. Stop the Bleeding and Protect the Wound ......... General ................................................... Clothing .................................................. Entrance and Exit Wounds ........................... Field Dressing ........................................... Manual Pressure ........................................ Pressure Dressing ...................................... Digital Pressure ......................................... Tourniquet ............................................... Check for Shock and Administer First Aid Measures ........................................ General ................................................... Causes and Effects ..................................... Signs and Symptoms of Shock ....................... First Aid Measures for Shock ........................ FIRST AID FOR SPECIFIC INJURIES General ................................................... Head, Neck, and Facial Injuries ..................... General First Aid Measures .......................... Chest Wounds ........................................... First Aid for Chest Wounds .......................... Abdominal Wounds .................................... First Aid for Abdominal Wounds ................... Burn Injuries ............................................ First Aid for Burns ..................................... Dressings and Bandages ............................... Shoulder Bandage ...................................... Elbow Bandage...
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