First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by non-expert, but trained personnel to a sick or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed. Certain self-limiting illnesses or minor injuries may not require further medical care past the first aid intervention. It generally consists of a series of simple and in some cases, potentially life-saving techniques that an individual can be trained to perform with minimal equipment.
While first aid can also be performed on all animals, the term generally refers to care of human patients. Basic First Aid Tips
When someone is injured or suddenly becomes ill, there is usually a critical period before you can get medical treatment and it is this period that is of the utmost importance to the victim. Here are a few basic first aid tips. 1. Make sure your household has a first aid kit. It should have basic medicines which are readily accessible 2. Keep your first aid kit, all medications, including non-prescription drugs out of children's reach. 3. Before assisting a victim, protect yourself first. Assess the scene and determine the prevalent hazards, if any. Whenever possible, wear gloves to protect yourself from blood and other bodily fluids. 4. When an emergency occurs, make sure the tongue does not block the victim's airway and that the mouth is free of any secretions and foreign objects. It’s important that the person is breathing freely. And if not, administer artificial respiration promptly. 5. See that the victim has a pulse and good blood circulation as you check for signs of bleeding. Act fast if the victim is bleeding severely, swallowed poison or his heart or breathing has stopped. Remember every second counts. 6. It's vitally important not to move a person with serious neck or back injuries unless you have to save him from further danger. If he has vomited and there is no danger that his neck is broken, turn him aside to prevent choking and keep him warm by covering him with blankets or coats. 7. Have someone call for medical assistance while you apply first aid. The person who calls the doctor should explain the nature of the emergency and ask for advice on what should be done by the time the ambulance arrives. 8. Be calm and give psychological support to the patient. 9. Don't give fluids to an unconscious or semiconscious person. Fluids may enter his windpipe and cause suffocation. Don't try to arouse an unconscious person by slapping or shaking. 10. Look for an emergency medical identification card to find out if the victim is allergic to medicines or has any serious health problems that require special care.
Don't use ice. Putting ice directly on a burn can cause a person's body to become too cold and cause further damage to the wound. Don't apply egg whites, butter or ointments to the burn. This could cause infection. Don't break blisters. Broken blisters are more vulnerable to infection.
The most serious burns involve all layers of the skin and cause permanent tissue damage. Fat, muscle and even bone may be affected. Areas may be charred black or appear dry and white. Difficulty inhaling and exhaling, carbon monoxide poisoning, or other toxic effects may occur if smoke inhalation accompanies the burn.
For major burns, call 911 or emergency medical help. Until an emergency unit arrives, follow these steps: Don't remove burned clothing. However, do make sure the victim is no longer in contact with smoldering materials or exposed to smoke or heat. Don't immerse large severe burns in cold water. Doing so could cause a drop in body temperature (hypothermia) and deterioration of blood pressure and circulation (shock). Check for signs of circulation (breathing, coughing or movement). If there is no breathing or other sign of circulation, begin CPR. Elevate the burned body part or parts. Raise above heart level,...
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