What happens when a home catches on fire and there are helpless citizens trapped inside or when a firefighter is injured inside a fire and can not get out? Firefighters train long hours sacrificing their blood, sweat, and tears to be prepared for any situation that may arise during a emergency such as search and rescue, rescue of a downed firefighter, high angle rope rescue, water rescue, and also confined space rescue. Not all firefighters are trained in search and rescue; only the most qualified firefighters become certified members of a technical rescue team. Technical rescue teams train for hours upon hours to be the best they can be whether there answering a call to a car accident or a burning building.
Search and rescue is defined as actions that trained members of rescue teams perform at emergency scenes to remove some one from immediate danger, or to extricate victims if they are already entrapped ("Indiana Fire Department " 4-3). Hazards are associated with every type of rescue operation, such as tunnel vision which is when a firefighter focuses on a particular problem with out regard for possible consequences or alternative approaches to the situation. It is very easy to get tunnel vision when a firefighter is involved in a complex rescue. In many cases, tunnel vision can keep rescuers from seeing an obvious solution or, more often impending danger. "Indiana fire department " 4-3 Other hazards that can happen during rescue operations are structural collapses were the building will give way and sometime firefighters can fall hundreds of feet, the greatest example rescue operation hazards would be September 11, 2001 when 343 firefighters lost there lives trying to rescue thousand of people when both towers gave way and killed hundreds of firefighters and civilians. One of the most dangerous rescue operations faced by firefighters today is the search of a burning structure ("Indiana fire department " 4-3). While searching burning building firefighters must work in teams of two or more when entering an involved structure, or a structure that is fully engulfed in flames, a minimum of two fully equipped firefighters and a charged hose line should be ready to go in and assist the team with any problem, this is known as the two in/ two out rule ("Indiana fire department " 4-3). In some situations the two in/ two out rule has saved some rescue teams from some near death situations, for example say a house is burning and the rescue team comes to a room inside and they have spotted back draft conditions a two man hose team can come extinguish the flames so that the rescue team can proceed with there search for the missing victims. Search and rescue teams are the most advanced teams when it comes to equipment, when conducting any search firefighters should carry a forcible entry tool, a flash light, and a radio ("Indiana fire department " 4-3). Most rescue teams also use thermal imaging cameras or (T. I. C) which will give an approximate temperature of the fire and will provide an outline of any object that is radiating heat on the screen. Rescue teams will also have to wear a self contained breathing apparatus, or (SCBA), according to NFA 1975 a firefighter must wear an SCBA when in an environment with less than 19.5 % oxygen if the firefighter dose refuse to wear the SCBA he will suffer severe lung and heart damage and in some cases could even die or collapse during a fire.
In the world of technical rescue there are two different types of searches the Primary search, and the secondary search, these two searches are extremely dangerous. The primary search is the first and most dangerous of the two searches. It is a quick attempt to locate any potential victims who are injured or in danger ("Indiana fire department " 4-3). The primary search should be as thorough as time and conditions permit ("Indiana fire department " 4-3). The search teams are sometimes ahead of the hose lines which means that they do not have a hose...
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