Finland Research Paper

Topics: Finland, Finnish cuisine, Helsinki Pages: 23 (5627 words) Published: April 20, 2015
Finland Research Paper
Zane Lyle

Geography

Finland is a Nordic country in the northern part of Europe. It is one of the world’s northernmost countries, Finland capital (Helsinki) has the second highest latitude among capitals in the world. Finland has the most lakes out of all the countries in Europe with about 188,000 lakes over .12 acres. Finland has 789 islands. There is 1,250 km of coastline in Finland. The capital of Finland (Helsinki) has a long history behind it and was actually founded by the King of Sweden. Helsinki’s purpose was for a new trading post between the two countries. The city was founded by the king of Sweden on December 6th 1550. Wars in between Russia and Sweden mad Helsinki into a very important place to control. Russia gained control of in 1742 Helsinki and that resulted in Sweden being stripped of its position of a super power. In 1808 Sweden declared war on Russia and Sweden was quickly defeated and Helsinki was annexed to Russia in 1809 and then burnt to the ground. In 1812 Finland named Helsinki as its capital. Planning for the new capitals building started in 1816. In 1828 the country’s first and only university at the time was located in Turku. The university was then moved to Helsinki. Rebuilt with the architectural help of Johan Albrecht Ehrenström, a man born and raised in Helsinki, and Carl Ludwig Engel a man from Germany. Construction of the new capital (Helsinki) was finished in 1852. The city’s most prominent building is the Helsinki Lutheran Cathedral, a massive, beautiful white Cathedral. The Cathedral was originally created as an accolade to The Grand Duke, Nicholas I, the Tsar of Russia, and the Cathedral was named St. Nicholas' Church until 1917 when Finland gained its independence. The cathedral has become one of the most popular places for tourist to visit in Finland, over 350,000 people visit in a year. Finland is in Northern Europe, bordered by Russia, Sweden, and Norway. Finland’s border changed a lot over time from war for their land between Russia and Sweden. The peace treaty of Pähkinäsaari between Russia and Sweden divided Finland in two parts. This halved Finland, historians now call Sweden-Finland. One half of Finland sided with Sweden and one half became a Grand Duchy of Imperial Russia. The people of the Grand Duchy still had all of their rights and the same laws from Finland so essentially Finland stayed autonomous this whole time. Even though everything really stayed the same politically all things were overseen by Russia’s Tsar. The time that Finland was under Russian control was not seen as totally negative in the Finns eyes, because this was the first time in a long time that Finland had not seen war for a long time. In October of 1917 the Communist Revolution took place and this allowed the senate of Finland to declare its independence. Finland then gained back its original boundaries and those original boundaries are the ones that Finland still has with Russia, Norway and Sweden. It is typical for families in Finland to travel within Finland. One of the most common place to visit is The Laplands to go skiing, see northern lights and reindeer. Locations popular with tourist help community development because Finland’s population and tourism creates money for Finland and jobs for people. Climate

Even though Finland is one of the northernmost countries in the world, its climate is not as harsh as you would expect from a country located at that latitude. The climate stays moderate because of the Gulf Stream. The warm water from the Gulf Stream carries warm air across Finland making it about 10 degrees Celsius warmer than other places located at the same latitude. Since water is such a good retainer of temperature, Finland’s many lakes keep the country’s climate so moderate. Even though these things are said to keep the climate moderate, Finland is still well known for winters that are long and cold, and on the contrast, summers that are warm...

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