November 12, 2013
Findings of Patrol Experiments
Throughout the years, there have been many different types of studies done. Many studies done are within the criminal justice field. Some of the major studies done within criminal justice are foot patrols. Foot patrol experiments are done to see if crime would stop if police were more noticeable, and deters potential offenders from committing many different crimes. Kansas City and Newark are two of the main studies to be focused on. There were many different findings based off of these experiments and were studied to determine how people would react. Patrolling is one of the main reasons police believe will stop crime from happening due to police presence. Kansas City Patrol Experiment was taken place in October of 1972 through September of 1973, by the Kansas City, Missouri Police Foundation. George Kelling was the lead in the experiment, with his research group. Kansas City was divided into 15 different parts where they had many options of patrolling techniques. There were three main areas within these parts that were focused on. Reactive was the first area. It received no preventive patrol, where officers only entered the area in response to calls for assistance. There would not be much police visibility in this area. The second area was called proactive. Police visibility was increased two to three more times than usual visibility. Finally, in the third area, or control area, it consisted of normal patrol as needed. Overall, data shows that within the areas, there really was not much of a difference even with the experiment being in existence. (Kevin, 174) To understand the findings of the study, there were many different types of data collected. The four main types of data the police used were victimization surveys, departmental reported crime, departmental arrest data, and a survey of businesses. Within this data, they created five hypothesis of how it would work. “For the purposes of...
Cited: Brandl, Steven G., and David E. Barlow. Classics in Policing. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Pub., 1996. Print.
Kelling, George L. The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment: A Summary Report. Washington: Police Foundation, 1974. Print.
Kevin Krajick. “Does Patrol Have a Function?” Police Magazine 1. September 1978. 4-16
"The Newark Foot Patrol Experiment." Police Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
Trojanowicz, Robert C., and Bonnie Bucqueroux. Community Policing: A Contemporary Perspective. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Pub., 1990. Print.
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