Final Project: Comprehensive Argument Analysis

Topics: Animal rights, Critical thinking, Logic Pages: 5 (1653 words) Published: June 28, 2011
Axia College Material
Appendix E

Critical Analysis Forms

Fill out one form for each of the two articles provided for your topic. You will fill out one for the “pro” article and another for the “con” article. Please make sure to follow the instructions in the syllabus carefully!

If you do not want to use this form for the Final, I will also accept answers in numbered paragraph form. Let me know if you have questions!

Source 1 Animal Experimentation Is Always Justified by Jennifer A.Hurley| Opposing Viewpoints Digests: Animal Rights. Ed. Jennifer A.Hurley. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1999.|

1| Identify the principal issue presented by the source.| The principle issue in the article discuss that animal experimentation has improve the life of human beings. Also they review how animal experimentation has assisted scientist explore new drugs and vaccines for illness and diseases for people. Furthermore this article explains that scientist performs these experiments on the animals in a safe and un-harmful manner.| 2| Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.| This author is bias in his writings because he doesn’t display the other views of this issue. In the being he states that scientist believe in animal experimentation for its natural medical process. Even though some information presented are facts based on scientist opinions and this information is mainly produced from animals rather than humans. The first and third paragraph the writer shows opposing views toward the subject and he disfavor the issues by expressing “It would certainly be nice if this were true” | 3| Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this.| Semantic ambiguity- Some patients spent their entire lives inside an iron lung, with the ceiling as their only view of the world”. Ceiling is referred as the top which is no limit. A syntactic ambiguity- there could have been no oral polio vaccine without the use of innumerable animals; a very large number of animals”. The statement is ambiguous and is not clear. | 4| Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning.| I view the source crediable because it accurate and is based on facts and opinions by experts. The writer uses direct quotes from experts. Even though it is biased there is no doubt about the credibility of the source. Sources background and my own personal observation is not conflicting with the claims made in the issues.| 5| Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.| Hyperbole rhetorical devices and stated; “Among the most hideous aspects of the disease was the iron lung” Using the word hideous is exaggerating for describing iron lung. No others rhetorical devices in the article.| 6| Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.| Burden Proof- “When animals rights activists assert that animal experimentation does not save human lives; Why would scientists use experiments on animals if it wasn’t for medical purposes. Inconsistency ad hominem states “No scientist, researcher, or doctor enjoys experimenting on animals, especially if those experiments involve suffering” also states “The sacrifice of any animal is unfortunate, but if that sacrifice saves human lives, it is completely justified.” The writer shows inconsistencies by stating something then states the opposite in it’s reasoning| 7| State one argument made by the author.| Animal experimentation has changed the world and developed many drugs for diseases. This is one of the arguments the author stated in paragraph two of the article| 8| Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument.| The argument consists of unstated premises and conclusion shown in the 2nd paragraph.Premise: 1. Animal experimentation has developed many drugs for diseases. 2....
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