Final Project CJ490

Topics: Crime, High school, Juvenile delinquency Pages: 7 (2305 words) Published: February 24, 2014
Running head: Existing Data Sources

Writing Activity: Final Assignment
CJ490: Research Methods in Criminal Justice
Instructor: Prof. Patricia Lowery

Abstract
Juvenile truancy is a serious concern with major consequences in the present and future of individuals and society in general because is usually connected with failure in school and delinquency. This research study will analyze the data for delinquent young adults born between 1991 and 1995. Prior research has revealed that truancy leads to delinquency and other criminal activities. The exploratory research type collects data to compare future changes and should be very helpful because of the different types of questions that exploratory research is based on. Once research is completed it will be compared with prior research and determine if indeed juvenile truancy leads to delinquency or not.

Introduction
Juvenile Truancy and Delinquency
According to Eileen M. Gary (1996) truancy can be the first step of a life of problems for those who consistently omit school. Due to this fact, many students fail to keep up with school work and drop out of school. To quit is easier than to play catch up. Truancy is a springboard to delinquent and criminal activity. According to Reid, 2010, truancy can be defined as intentionally school absence without good justification, but also it refers to skip a specific class. There is a link between truancy and crime and his research showed a study where 65 % of truant students had committed criminal offences. Hypothesis: Juvenile truancy leads to delinquency.

Null Hypothesis: Juvenile truancy does not lead to delinquency Dependent Variable: Delinquency
Independent Variable: Juvenile Truancy

Review of Literature
This is a case study made by Gage, Sugai, and Launde (2013), that provides description of one high school’s attempt to assess the efficacy of their policy for student unexcused absences. Truancy is considered when a student has 10 or more unexcused absences. According to Gage, Sugai, and Launde (2013), truancy is considered when a student has 10 or more unexcused absences. Gage, Sugai, and Launde (2013) found that there are many cases of absenteeism and truancy in high schools and it is a challenge schools are facing yearly. (Gage, Sugai, and Launde, 2013, p. 117-118). According to Gage, Sugai, and Launde (2013), around 9% of all United States students are absent from school yearly. Gage, Sugai, and Launde (2013), also stated that persistent truancy is a status offense by the juvenile justice system, but it was also associated to a boost in dropout rates, and other behavior disorders. According to Gage, Sugai, and Launde (2013),it was found that students engaging into truancy came from a family circle where the parents’ educational level were low and the students were unsupervised after school. These students tend to have low academic performance and no educational goals for their future. (Gage, Sugai, and Launde, 2013, p. 117-118). After Gage, Sugai, and Launde, 2013 examined the school data from the academic years of 2009-2010 and 2010-2011, it was found that the students in the lowest academic level and receiving free/reduced meals were the most affected areas. According to Gage, Sugai, and Launde (2013), this study indicated that the high school’s zero tolerance unexcused absence policy can be associated with absenteeism and truancy, because points were deducted for every unexcused absence. (Gage, Sugai, and Launde, 2013). The study reveals that truancy and grade point loss into the zero tolerance unexcused absence policy were evenly spread within all grades. (Gage, Sugai, and Launde, 2013, p. 118 and 132-133). According to Zhang, Wilson, Katsiyannis, Barrett, Ju, and Wu (2010), truancy continues to be a concern, with a severe outcome for the individual, family, and society. Truancy is frequently associated to academic failure,...

References: Barry, Adam E., Chaney, Beth, and Chaney, J. Don. (2010). The Impact of Truant and Alcohol-
Related Behavior on Educational Aspirations: A Study of U.S
Journal of School Health. V81, N8. Retrieved Kaplan University Library from
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2011.00618.x on September 29, 2013.
Gage, Nicholas A., Sugai, George, and Lunde, Kimberly. (2013). Truancy and Zero Tolerance in
High School: Does Policy Align with Practice? Education and Treatment of Children
Volume 36, No. 2. 2013. Retrieved Kaplan University Library from
http://ehis.ebscohost.com.lib.kaplan.edu/eds/detail?vid=2&sid=0af02d41-a269-4bf0-
9abd-d8c47290b5d3%40sessionmgr111&hid=7&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxp
dmU%3d#db=aph&AN=87600228 on September 29, 2013
Maxfield, M.G, and Babbie, E. (2009). Basics of Research Methods for Criminal Justice and
Criminology
Reid, Ken. (2010). Finding Strategic Solutions to Reduce Truancy. Research In Education. Nov
2010
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/manup/rie/2010/00000084/00000001/art00001
on September 29, 2013.
Zhang, Dalun, Willson, Victor, Katsiyannis, Antonis, Barrett, David, Ju, Song, and Wu, Jiun-Yu.
(2010)
9abd-d8c47290b5d3%40sessionmgr111&hid=16&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdm
U%3d#db=aph&AN=51459296 on September 29, 2013.
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