Final Ppt

Topics: Martin Luther King, Jr., African American, Voting Rights Act Pages: 17 (622 words) Published: January 18, 2015
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR

 African-American

leader

 Fought

against the legal
segregation of AfricanAmerican citizens

 creation

of the Civil Rights
Act of 1964

 the

Voting Rights Act of
1965

 Nobel

Peace Prize in 1964

PERSONALITY TRAITS
NATURE




precocious student
young Martin
questioned religion
He had always been
the questioning and
precocious type. At the
age of thirteen, he
shocked his Sunday
school class by
denying the bodily
resurrection of Jesus

NURTURE








grew up in a secure and
loving environment
family was deeply involved
in the church and worship
renewed his faith and began
to envision a career in the
ministry
his strong determination for
justice came from the very
strong, dynamic personality
of his father
gentle aspect came from
the mother

BIG FIVE PERSONALITY
TRAITS

HIGH
HIGH

HIGH
LOW

HIGH

FREUDIAN EGO
•Recognised that the reality principle dictates that
the ego must find a way of satisfying both Id and
superego
•He wanted equality for all but without using violence
•His superego was high as morals were very high
•Made an emotional appeal to the conscience of a
nation by being willing to accept even the violent
and deadly consequences

VALUES


INSTRUMENTAL
Patience
Peace loving
Non violence


TERMINAL
Equality for all
justice and
fairness

ATTITUDE
 AFFECTIVE

He did not like the way the blacks were
treated
BEHAVIOURAL
He did whatever he could, even went to jail
for ending the legal racial segregation



COGNITIVE
He thought he should stand to bring about
the change and help the Blacks



COGNITIVE DISSONANCE
 He

does not show any cognitive
dissonance
 His affective, behavioural and
cognitive attitude are in sink with
each other

LEADERSHIP STYLE
TRANSFORMATIONAL 
        LEADERSHIP
•  charismatic personality
• Encouraged his followers
through motivation
• Source of intelligent
inspiration
• personalized attention

INTELLIGENCE

SERVANT LEADERSHIP STYLE
 The

phrase ‘servant leadership’ derives from
work of Greenleaf (1970) in which he
described the servant leader as being a
‘servant first’
 This type of leadership does not assume
power and control through leadership
 assumes ‘responsibility for the followers’ and
wants to help those who are disadvantaged
in society through leading and serving the
followers to achieve and improve life.

FIEDLER’S CONTINGENCY THEORY 
Leader­Member Relations – King's followers had
high level of trust and confidence in him.
 Task Structure – Clear and well structured vision.
Martin had knowledge of how to achieve equality
among races.


 Power

position- he was a social activist
and had great influence on his followers
 Situations: the conditions were
unfavourable
as the govt. Opposed him.
 His was an efficient leadership

MANAGERIAL GRID

HERSEY BLANCHARD SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP

He follows different styles in situations
• supports his followers and encourages them as he
'sells' his message across
• Within 'I have a dream' Martin Luther King
communicates more of the 'Selling' and
'Delegating' view, however does have aspects of
participating.
• As a civil rights leader he provides information and
direction through communicating with his followers
• also puts responsibility on his audience as a whole,
where he believes they should take responsibility
of their own actions and together unite as a group.

HOUSE’S PATH GOAL
THEORY
leaders are effective when they help
followers move along paths through
which they can achieve both work
goals and personal goals
 Martin created positive path-goal
linkages , raising motivation by
removing barriers
 His “i have a dream speech” shows
how he motivated his followers


POWER
 REFERENT

POWER
People appreciated him and believed
in what he said.
REWARD POWER
people may have...
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