Tools & Techniques for On-the-Job-Training.
Imagine one day doing on-the-job-training (OJT) and pressing a button to instantaneously download directly to your brain all the material you needed to do your job proficiently. On-the-job-training is a great way for an individual to gain hands-on experience, job-specific and resume-building material, all while earning wages and either qualifying for a permanent position within the organization where the OJT takes place, or becoming prepared to seek another employment opportunity in that field after gaining this experience and skills. OJT’s may take less time and offer training that better matches the consumer’s learning style, when compared with other methods of training. As the world becomes more complex and new highly technical jobs are created…it had become increasingly difficult to train individuals to a proficient level in a timely manner. This has forced many companies to think out of the box and creatively come up with new techniques. Companies have been able to overcome these obstacles with the introduction of new hardware and creative techniques. Through the creation of web-cams, smart phones, portable computers and implementing new technics like video conferencing many companies are able to survive in the 21st Century. With the introduction of new hardware and technics, OJT has taken on a slightly new perspective. Not only are the individuals being trained in a more sophisticated field, they are getting a new job skill to become more marketable.
The United States Air Force (USAF) currently employs over 326,000 personnel that are located throughout the world (AFPC, 2013). Each person plays a critical role in the mission of the USAF but most important, they serve the interest of the United States of America. Therefore many entities are counting on them to do their job proficiently. Many of their jobs are of high stress or of high value, it is critical to ensure each person is properly trained with the best tools and techniques. Even with budget cuts the USAF has always sought to be the best trained and prepared military in the world. This same idea can be applied to any businesses around the world. In order to survive the 21st Century, you must learn to adapt or you will simply cease to exist.
Many companies utilize a combination of academic and OJT to ensure their employees are trained to the best of their ability. As the world advances in technology, many employees face scenarios that are unfamiliar to them. In many cases the situations may not be in their manuals, so they must take time to research for the solution or find someone who knows how to handle the situation. Either way, they are losing time and productivity. Companies have now looked into the ever changing landscape of new technology and techniques to creatively find ways to teach and complete the tasks. The environmental changes do not require the departure from standard training tools and techniques but to alter them to the current times. Details
There are several methods of providing on-the-job training. Three frequently used methods are briefly described here:
Coaching – an experienced member of staff will help trainees learn skills and processes through providing instructions or demonstrations (or both). Mentoring – each trainee is allocated to an established member of staff who acts as a guide and helper. A mentor usually offers more personal support than a coach, although the terms ‘mentor’ and ‘coach’ are often used interchangeably.
‘Sitting next to Nellie’ – this describes the process of working alongside a colleague to observe and learn the skills needed for a particular process. This can be a faster and more useful way of learning a job role than studying a written manual. The colleague is always on hand to answer any questions or deal with any...
References: AFPC, (30 September 2013). Air Force Personnel Demographic. AFPC.com. Retrieved from: http://www.afpc.af.mil/library/airforcepersonneldemographics.asp
Heathfield, S., The 12 Best Ways to Do On-the-Job Training. About.com. Retrieved from: http://humanresources.about.com/od/new/tp/provide-job-training.htm
TopTenReviews. Web-Conferencing-Services. Toptenreviews.com. Retrieved from: http://web-conferencing-services.toptenreviews.com/
Creelman, D., (April 29, 2011). Is YouTube the Future of Training? HRVoice.org. Retrieved from: http://www.hrvoice.org/is-youtube-the-future-of-training/
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