Historical Research Writing, A2
January 5th, 2015
Research Paper, Final
John Brown Raid on Harpers Ferry, A Hero or a Villain?
When it comes to the topic of John Brown’s raid and if he was hero or a villain, most of us will readily agree John Brown was murderer thus making him a villain. Where as some are convinced that he was a hero for wanting to help free slaves. John Brown was indeed a hero he believed greatly for the freedom of slaves, but was using violence to fight. However, does most of the evidence provided prove conclusively with the ongoing debate whether or not John Brown was in fact a hero or a villain.
The reason Brown decided to lead northern abolitionist use violence to end slavery. Brown’s religion was the reason he was taught to hate slavery. Brown has hated slavery from an early age and by the age of twenty he was able to help one run away from the underground railroad. During the 1830s, Brown was considering different ways of helping African Americans, one of the ideas he came up with is building schools. Brown was known as one of a few white person without racial prejudice. By the Mid 1850s Brown already committed himself to overthrowing slavery by using force. The reason behind this was clear and simple in the early 1840s Brown was bankrupt and was evicted of his farm and also lost his children all in one month. Brown decided he wanted to forget the world he was already living in abandoning his farm and wife to join his sons in Kansa and giving the last of his years to overthrow the power of slavery. Now how would you consider these actions of John Brown a villain?
John Brown’s plan was simple. He wanted to rescue slaves from the south. Brown had been
planning for months it was to have a major slave rebellion in the South. Since Brown had experience in from Kansa’s it had led to a significant change to his strategy for ending slavery. He had put in all his thoughts and strategies so that he can make this raid a successful raid without any complication. His plan was to end slavery, the way he thought of it was a new state will be a free state for the midst of the South. John Brown had a created a system of laws for the new mountain state. Since he was leader for everything he made sure things went his way and the right way.
John Brown plans were to have a successful raid and he did. In fact the beginning of Brown’s raid were extremely successful the first hours, however it soon went downhill afterwards. The beginning of the downfall was when one of the watchman arrived to take the post and noticed it was unguarded and ran to go sound the alarm. A baggage handler named Hayward Shepherd who became a antislavery raid’s first fatality when he went to go check on the situation and was shot. Than on Oct. 17th word was being passed around that an armed party, John Brown’s Raid, had taken over the bridge. Brown wanted to talk to the conductor, however, the youngest raider had be shot. Robert E. Lee and his aide Lieutenant passed a note to John Brown for an immediate surrender. When brown refused to surrender marines began to attack the building where John and his men were at. After a few minutes of the marines attacking the building it was all over. Ten of Brown’s men were wounded or dead and five were captured including Brown, the raid was over.
John Brown was trial you could say was unfair. John Brown was charged with treason against virginia, beginning a rebellion with the slaves in Virginia and multiple firstdegree
murders. Brown’s trial was completely unfair to me. In document 1, The Trial,
started on October 25th and ended two days later. There were great efforts to delaying Brown’s hearing until his lawyer could be present but was refused because they didn’t want southerner’s to lynch him also they feared that excited abolitionist would try to help break their hero out of ...
Bibliography: Boston: Printed for the Author, 1861.
Reynolds, David S.
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Scott, John Anthony, and Robert Alan Scott.
New York: Payson & Clarke, 1929.
University of South Carolina Press, 1997.
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