Industrial Organizational Psychology
PSY302: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Instructor: Robin Daniels
October 27, 2014
Industrial Organizational Psychology is the study of an individual’s activities in the workplace. Industrial Organizational Psychology or I/O is the way the organizations are able to solve any problems that they might have with individuals, the supervisors and/or the company. This type of psychology is considerably new to the field. It is a cross between Industrial Psychology and Organizational Psychology. Industrial psychology is the study of an individual’s behavior in the workplace. For example, I/O Psychologists study the individual’s personality, thoughts, job performance, whether they are the right fit for the job and how they interact with their co-workers and supervisors. Organizational Psychology is the understanding of how an organization and its people interact together for a common goal (Youseef and Noon, 2012). For example, the person may like the job because they get a chance to make a difference in someone’s life and the organization’s goal is to make sure that their people are helped with life’s issues. Within this paper I will discuss different aspects of I/O Psychology and how it relates to my organization which is the Correctional facility. Correctional Facility is a place where inmates-people who have allegedly being held for a commission of a crime or who are a waiting to stand trial for the commission of a crime. These inmates are detained and hopefully rehabilitated to become a changed citizen’s. The facility is broken up into three different levels of security. They have the minimum, medium and maximum security. They get three meals a day with a bed, hygiene packets, towels, sheets, blankets and uniforms. Within these facilities there are different departments that work with the inmates to make sure they get the help they need and that is afforded to them by the state or government. The facility has a Social Worker Office, Clinic, law library, and rooms for court proceedings. Some of these departments are from outside agencies, as for the internal offices we have a Lieutenant’s Office, a Captain’s Office, Administration Office and the Central Base where the supervisors are. The job that I will focus on is a Correctional Officer. I will give a formal job description As Correctional Officer you are the one who oversee that the individuals that are awaiting trial or inmates who have been sentenced are protected while inside the facility. As an Officer you are responsible for frisk searches, security tours within their assigned areas, to enforce the rules and regulations of the jail facility to the inmates, perform cell searches to keep control of any nuisance contraband (things that an inmate is not supposed to have in their cells), maintaining inmate counts in the assigned areas, deal with inmates in a large setting for any services they may attend like church, Jumar services, NA/AA services and recreational services (Appendix A). As an Officer you are also held to a certain standard and you are looked at to follow the rules as a sworn law enforcement officer. You must have a certain understanding of an individual and groups behaviors within the facility. Then you need to have knowledge of the equipment, training, personnel recruitment and the teaching/instruction for individuals. These things are not any different than any other field. For this job you need to be a great listener, give people your full attention to understand what people there needs are, than taking the time out to answer and ask questions they might have pertaining to their incarceration. The decision making process is important at every level of an organization. As a Correctional Officer you go through different phases to be hired (four phases). This is their way of going through the employee selection. Regardless of position, workers are faced with making daily...
References: Minor, K., Dawson-Edwards, C., Wells, J., Griffith, C., Angel, E.(2009). Understanding Staff Perceptions of Turnover in Corrections. Retrieved from https://kucampus.kaplan.edu/documentstore/docs09/pdf/picj/vol4/issue1/PICJ_V4N2_Minor_43_58.pdf
N.a., 1996-2014. State of New Jersey Department of Corrections. Retrieved by http://www.state.nj.us/corrections/pages/careers.html#app
N.a, 20 February 2014. Sam Houston State University. "Correctional officer stress studied: Conflicts between work, family life common." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140220112511.htm>.
Udechukwu, I. I. (2009). Correctional Officer Turnover: Of Maslow 's Needs Hierarchy and Herzberg 's Motivation Theory. Public Personnel Management, 38(2), 69-82.
Youssef, C. and Noon, A. (2012). Industrial/Organizational Psychology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
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