Filipino’s love Freedom!
Unhappy that’s what I feel like the Filipino’s feeling when they are under the Spaniards. When I read again this chapter, I feel I’m one of them I’m in that time and place when the revolt against Spain is held. Fighting too. This is the causes of Revolts:
1. Love for Freedom and Independence
2. Spanish encomendors abuses
3. Tribute (Residence tax)
4. Forced Labor (Polo)
5. Land Grabbing by the friars
6. Basi (wine) monopoly
I’m mourning for the Filipino’s life that only fight for the freedom and I hate it to say I felt angry against the Spaniards and to the Filipino’s that help them to fight against the revolt. The cruelty of the Spaniards makes Filipino’s suffer. Dagohoy’s Revolt (1744 – 1829) lasted for 85 years many Filipinos’ died for fighting their own land in Cebu. Silang’s Revolt (1762 – 63) Diego Silang with his wife Gabriela led a famous revolt in Ilocos, they win many battles but in the end they also died. First Pampanga Revolt (1585) it because the abuses of Spanish encomendors. Revolt against the Tribute (1589) Filipinos killed many Spaniards because of tax abuses. Sumuroy’s Revolt (1649 – 50) forced labor of the Filipino’s. Agrarian Revolt (1745 – 46) Land Grabbing by Spaniards in four provinces: Batangas, Laguna, Cavite and Bulacan. The Basi Revolt (1807) banned of making homemade wine. The Religious Revolt of Hermano Pule (1840 – 41) religious freedom in Tagalog province. Revolts failed because Filipino’s are not united, and there are no national leaders who united people. It’s sad to know that Filipino’s is against Filipinos’. Many live are gone because of their cruelty. THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT AND THE KATIPUNAN
19th Century? Freedom? Unity? Nationalism?
In this chapter, the propaganda movement starts; it makes me feel proud that it is the start of the unity of the every Filipino’s for the country. Proud to our heroes that give their best way to have a reforms in the colony. Happy and secured because Dr. Rizal is the one that lead and give the truth to the Filipino’s. He opens the eyes of the Filipino’s to see the cruelty of the Spaniards. I feel sad when Dr. Rizal got exiled in Dapitan, but somehow there is Bonifacio that continue what Dr. Rizal aim for but in other way. Bonifacio and other patriots started a secret organization called Katipunan. It was a revolution to make the country free from the Spain. I felt angry in this part because Filipino’s didn’t deserve that kind of treatment. The Propaganda Movement the crusade for reforms was a peaceful one. It was done by means of pen and tongue. The propagandist was young Filipinos in their twenties or thirties. They came from the best, the brightest, and the richest families in the Philippines. They were mostly college students or young professionals. The Filipino propagandists published their crusade for reforms in fortnightly newspaper called La Solidaridad. It was founded by Graciano Lopez Jaena, its first editor. Overwhelmed to the knowledge that are written in the books of Dr. Rizal, Noli Me Tangere and El Fili, that exposed the abuses of the Spanish officials and priests. These novels awakened the Filipinos, love of country and paved the way for the revolution. Dr. Jose Rizal founded a political association of patriotic Filipinos to crusade for reforms; it was called La Liga Filipina (Philippine League). The Katipunan or K.K.K had two aims: (1) to unite the Filipinos into one solid nation and (2) to fight for Philippine independence from Spain. After reading and analyzing this chapter I agree to the historical values and Dr. Rizal wrote in the last chapter of El Filibusterismo: “. . . Our freedom will [not] be won by the sword . . . but . . . by making ourselves worthy of it, by exalting intelligence and the dignity of the individual, by loving justice, right and greatness, even by dying for them. And when a people reach that height, God Himself will provide a weapon, the idols will be shattered, tyranny will fall like a house of cards, and freedom will shine like the first dawn.”