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Topics: Family, Dyslexia, Developmental psychology Pages: 3 (732 words) Published: October 1, 2013
FACTORS THAT AFFECT LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
Language development ~ this includes the child's ability to listen, speak and understand vocabulary. There are 4 main areas necessary for communication and which can affect school readiness; 1. Speech - understanding how to pronounce clearly

2. Language - understanding language and using language
3. Fluency - communicating without stammering or repeating
4. Voice - producing sounds
The optimum time to acquire language is when a child is 0-5 years old. After this age, the brain struggles to learn these skills. There are a few factors that cause language delays; learning disability, poor concentration and attention, family history of delayed language and immature development. There are also environmental factors that can be improved by parents and educators such as; Lack of motivation - Are other children speaking for the child? Is the child being treated like a baby? Is your child allowed to make their own choices? Lack of desire - Is the child ignored or bullied? Is too much expected of the child and so they give up trying? Does the child experience rich language at home? Lack of stimulation - Is the child encouraged to talk about their ideas and thoughts? Is the child given enough positive attention and encouragements? Lack of opportunity - Do parents and carers ask the child questions about their day and engage them in conversation? In addition, emerging literacy skills such as print awareness, story sense and writing process can also affect school readiness. This emergent literacy includes such skills as vocabulary, rhyming ability and identification of letters. A child's literacy level when they first enter school is a good predictor of reading ability during the course of the child's education. Abuse

Children require continual exposure to language to become familiar with it and to learn how to use it. Abused and neglected children who are isolated from other people may never have the opportunity to hear...
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