FIGURES OF SPEECH

Topics: Rhetoric, Figure of speech, To His Coy Mistress, Metonymy, Synecdoche / Pages: 12 (1048 words) / Published: May 18th, 2015
FIGURES OF
SPEECH

05/04/2010

AcademicWritingSkills

FIGURES OF SPEECH

A figure of speech is a rhetorical device that achieves a special effect by using words in distinctive ways. ways 05/04/2010

AcademicWritingSkills

FIGURES OF SPEECH y y

A figure of speech is a use of a word that h diverges d f from its normall meaning, or a phrase with a specialized meaning n t based not b s d on n the th literal lit l meaning m nin of f the th words in it such as a metaphor, simile, or personification. personification Figures of speech often provide emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity. clarity
05/04/2010

AcademicWritingSkills

FIGURES OF SPEECH
1.

Simile:
A stated comparison between two different d fferent th things ngs that have certa certain n qualities in common.

a. "My
My face looks like a wedding wedding-cake cake left out in the rain.“
- (W.H. Auden)
b. Her words were as dull as a dirt.

05/04/2010

AcademicWritingSkills

FIGURES OF SPEECH
2.

Metaphor: p An implied comparison between two unlike unl ke th things ngs that actually have something important in common.

a. I fall upon the thorns of life.
- P B Shelley
b. The Leaves of Life keep falling one by one.
- Edward Fitzgerald
05/04/2010

AcademicWritingSkills

FIGURES OF SPEECH
3.

Personification:
A figure of speech in which an nan mate object or abstract abstraction on iss inanimate endowed with human qualities or a t s. abilities. a. My car was happy to be washed. b Fate frowned on his endeavors.
b.
endeavors
c. The haughty lion surveyed his realm.

05/04/2010

AcademicWritingSkills

FIGURES OF SPEECH
4.

Hyperbole: yp An extravagant statement or the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect, but not to be ta taken n literally. t ra y.

a. I a I'd d give my right arm for a cup of tea. tea b. My backpack weighs a ton!

05/04/2010

AcademicWritingSkills

FIGURES OF SPEECH
5.

Irony:
The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning. A

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