Figure of Speech

Topics: Figure of speech, Rhetoric, Metonymy Pages: 5 (2215 words) Published: August 15, 2013
List of Figures Of Speech
Personification Personification is all about adding a human trait to an inanimate object or an abstraction. For example: The picture in that magazine shouted for attention. Simile A simile is a figure of speech that compares two unrelated things or ideas using "like" or "as" to accentuate a certain feature of an object by comparing it to a dissimilar object that is a typical example of that particular trait. For example: as big as a bus, as clear as a bell, as dry as a bone, etc. Analogy An analogy is a figure of speech that equates two things to explain something unfamiliar by highlighting its similarities to something that is familiar. This figure of speech is commonly used in spoken and written English. For example: Questions and answers, crying and laughing, etc. Metaphor A metaphor compares two different or unrelated things to reveal certain new qualities in the subject, which you might have ignored or overlooked otherwise. For example: The streets of Chennai are a furnace. Alliteration Alliteration is the duplication of a specific consonant sound at the start of each word and in quick succession. Although alliterations are all about consonant sounds, exceptions can be made, when vowels sounds are also repeated. This figure of speech is commonly seen in poems. For example: "Guinness is good for you" - Tagline for Guinness Hyperbole A far-fetched, over exaggerated description or sentence is called as hyperbole and is commonly used in jokes and making backhanded compliments. For example: When she smiles, her cheeks fall off. Onomatopoeia This figure of speech is partly pleasure and partly business. It is used to replicate sounds created by objects, actions, animals and people. For example: Cock-a-doodle-do, quack, moo, etc. Imagery Imagery is a figure of speech, which employs words to create mental images in the mind of the reader. It is a powerful tool and mostly used by poets, lyricists and authors. For example: "Cloudless everyday you fall upon my waking eyes inviting and inciting me to rise, And through the window in the wall, Come streaming in on sunlight wings, A million bright ambassadors of morning." - A portion of the lyrics to the song 'Echoes' by the band Pink Floyd Symbol Symbol refers to the use of an object or symbol to represent or indicate something else. For example: The symbolism of a red rose (love), the symbolism of a white flag (peace), etc. Pun A pun is a figure of speech that plays with words to give away obscured meanings. A pun is also known as paronomasia. For example: My son wanted a scooter. When I told him they are too dangerous, he moped around the house. Allegory An allegory is nothing but an improvised metaphor. It is a figure of speech, which involves the use of characters or actions in a piece of literature, wherein the characters have more to them than meets the eye. For example: The Trojan Women by Euripides, Aesop's Fables by Aesop. Tautology Tautology is needless repetition of words to denote the same thing. For example: CD-ROM disk, PIN number, ATM machine, etc. Palindrome A palindrome is a series of numbers, words or phrases that reads the same in either direction. For example: Malayalam, A Toyota's a Toyota, etc. Euphemism Euphemism is a figure of speech where an offensive word or expression is replaced with a polite word. For example: David: Do you have a few minutes? Ryan: No, I'm busy. David: Ok, listen... Ryan: No, you listen, when I said 'busy', I meant leave me the hell alone. Assonance Assonance is a repetition of the vowel sounds. Such a figure of speech is found most commonly in short sentences or verses. For example: And murmuring of innumerable bees. Idiom An idiom is a phrase, expression or group of words whose implication is not clear when you go by the literal meaning of words. For example: As easy as pie, at the eleventh hour, pull someone's leg, etc. Funny Metaphors Funny metaphors are metaphors that ring aloud with...
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