Field Sanitation

Topics: Insect repellent, Sleep, Malaria Pages: 184 (53736 words) Published: September 16, 2010
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O V E D A P P L IC A T IO N

No. 04-11

Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures
Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1350 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

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ON INATI EM
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HANDBOOK
Jun 04

For Official Use Only

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Foreword
In every armed conflict more soldiers become mission incapable by disease and non-battle injury (DNBI) than by combat-inflicted wounds. Many of this DNBI are totally preventable or can be mitigated if standards are enforced and implemented. This handbook is a one-stop shop for doctrinal references; tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP); and lessons learned relating to preventive medicine, field hygiene, and field sanitation for individuals, supervisors, and leaders in Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF) and other recent operations. This handbook is a quick reference guide for Soldiers in the field and, though it borrows heavily from FM 4-25.12, Unit Field Sanitation Team and FM 21-10, Field Hygiene and Sanitation, is not meant as a substitute for these or any other field manuals (FMs), technical manuals (TMs), or Army regulations (ARs). This handbook is also not a replacement for advice from medical personnel, preventive medicine personnel, and unit field sanitation personnel deployed in theater. These personnel are available at every level of command and should be viewed as a combat multiplier. This handbook focuses on many of the key field sanitation and preventive medicine issues facing our troops currently deployed in the Central Command (CENTCOM) area of operation (AO) including OIF and Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF). The purpose of this handbook is to support those Soldiers currently deployed and those due to deploy in the future. Force protection is everyone’s business. A healthy force is a protected force. The information contained in these pages is useful to all service members, regardless of rank.

LAWRENCE H. SAUL COL, FA Director, Center for Army Lessons Learned

FIELD SANITATION IN CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

Table of Contents
The book is organized into four chapters. The first chapter focuses on personal preventive measures and field sanitation at the individual Soldier level. The second chapter focuses on collective field sanitation at the platoon and company level. The third chapter focuses on the responsibility of company- and battalion-level leaders to ensure preventive medicine and field sanitation is being trained and practiced in theater. The final chapter contains a listing of the resources used to compile this handbook along with a list the acronyms and abbreviations. Introduction Chapter 1: Individual Prevention (Soldier/Squad Level) Section A: Personal Protective Measures (PMM) º Hand Washing º What to Eat and Drink º Prevention º Cleanliness º Fitness º Sleep º DOD Insect Repellent System º Bed Nets º Personal Protective Gear with National Stock Numbers (NSNs) Section B: Disease and Non-Battle Injury (DNBI) Prevention º Diseases * Diarrheal Illness * Upper Respiratory Illness * Leishmaniasis * Sand Fly Fever * Malaria * Dengue Fever * Leptospirosis * Schistosomiasis * Typhoid and Paratyphoid Enteric Fever * Rabies º Non-Battle Injuries * Carbon Monoxide Poisoning * Heat Injuries * Cold Injuries * Trenchfoot * Snake and Insect Bites v 1 2 2 3 3 4 6 6 7 10 12 14 14 14 15 16 18 19 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 36 37 38

For Official Use Only

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CENTER FOR ARMY LESSONS LEARNED

* Acute Mountain Sickness * Hearing Loss * Eye Injury Section C: Individual Lessons Learned from OIF/OEF

52 54 56 61 67 68 68 75 85 85 97 100 103 108 108 112 113 114 118 118 118 119 121 123 124 124 124 124 125 125 126 127 129 129 132 137

Chapter 2: Collective Prevention (Platoon/Company Level) Section A: Food and Water Supplies º Food Supplies º Water Supplies Section B: Waste Disposal º Types/Construction of Latrines º Types/Construction of Hand Washing Stations º Garbage Disposal º Liquid Waste Disposal Section C:...
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