Fibromyalgia Research Paper

Topics: Fibromyalgia, Irritable bowel syndrome, Chronic fatigue syndrome Pages: 3 (785 words) Published: December 9, 2012
Abnormal Psychology
Research paper

Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a musculoskeletal illness (which causes chronic pain) and a chronic

Fatigue disorder. It can also change sleep patterns and cause the following: digestive disorders, chronic

headaches, painful menstrual periods, temperature sensitivity, morning stiffness, numbness or tingling

of extremities, and even cognitive memory problems. The name fibromyalgia comes from "fibro" in Latin

meaning tissue, "my" in Greek meaning muscle, and "algia" meaning pain. Because symptoms are wide –

ranged and studies for treatment of FMS did not begin until the 1980's, it is one of the most popularly

misdiagnosed conditions in the medical world. The main symptoms are widespread pain and fatigue as

well as tender points on the body. The muscular pain often may feel like a pulled muscle and may burn

or twitch. This syndrome is diagnosed with a history of at least three months of widespread pain and

tenderness in eleven to eighteen of tender-point sites. These points include: the neck, the shoulders, the

chest, the rib cage, the lower back, the thighs, the knees, the arms (mainly the elbows), and the

buttocks. The pain in these areas is defined as an overwhelming characteristic of FIBROMYALGIA and is

long standing. Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic and debilitating disease that in the U.S.A. has been estimated to affect as many as 5 million individuals, mainly women in a ratio of 3:1.1. Patients with FM are characterized by the presence of chronic widespread pain. Although this pain is the clinical hallmark of FM, patients report a constellation of other symptoms and conditions including sleep disruption, fatigue, depression, abdominal pain, anxiety, and memory and concentration problems (Fibromyalgia-Associated Symptoms and Conditions from a Clinical Perspective: A Step toward Evaluating Healthcare Resource Utilization in Fibromyalgia, pg. 1) FM shows considerable overlap...
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