• Charlemagne (c.742-814), also known as Karl and Charles the Great, was a medieval emperor who ruled much of Western Europe from 768 to 814.
• In 771, Charlemagne became king of the Franks, a Germanic tribe in present-day Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and western Germany.
• He embarked on a mission to unite all Germanic peoples into one kingdom, and convert his subjects to Christianity.
• A skilled military strategist, he spent much of his reign engaged in warfare in order to accomplish his goals.
• In 800, Pope Leo III (750-816) crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans.
• When he died in 814, Charlemagne’s empire encompassed much of Western Europe, and he had also ensured the survival of Christianity in the West. Explain how the fall of