Fetal Humanity and Brain Function

Good Essays
Baruch Brody begins his argument by making assumptions that a fetus, being a human being must acquire all the essential properties of a human being, such that the loss of any would lead to out of existence or death. Thus, the essential property of a human being is the property whereby the loss would result in the death of the human being. From the Brain-Death theory, death is defined as an irreparable cessation of brain function. Therefore, it follows that a fetus becomes a human being when it possesses the essential property of a human being that is, having a brain that has not suffered irreparable cessation of function. To reinforce this conviction, he added that by the sixth week of conception, when the fetus possesses a functioning brain, all the other properties that are required for being human are also present. However, when the fetus acquires all the necessary properties by the sixth week, the fetal brain is still not developed to support spontaneous motion until the third month. Some may argue that the fetus does not comes into humanity until the point of spontaneous movement, so it would be precise to say that fetus becomes a human being at some time between the sixth and twelfth week after its conception. According to Ramsey’s theory of death, human being goes out of existence or dies only when all the essential properties of being human- that is, the possession of the brain, heart and lung- suffer irreparable cessation of function. And the fetus becomes a human when it acquires any one of the properties. The fetal heart is developed at the second week, prior to the brain and lung. Thus, based on the theory of essentialism, the fetus becomes a human being at week two. However, as there are progressive developments in the functioning of the fetal heart, it would be more accurate to conclude that the fetus becomes a human being some time between the second and twelfth week of conception. Between the second and twelfth week after conception, the fetus

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    the different aspects 2. Nervous system with the functions throughout the body. 3. The brain and its functions; the connections to the nervous system. 4. The cerebrum and the major connections to the nervous system and brain; why it so important to the body. II. Thesis Statement: The following information is about the Nervous System and its different aspects. It addresses what the nervous system is and what it consists of, the function of the nervous system in the body and its relationship…

    • 737 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Brain & Its Functions

    • 1309 Words
    • 6 Pages

    research in the brain is at an all-time pace The cure for some common diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Multiple Sclerosis has accelerated the efforts of many scientists * Many of the names for the parts of the brain have come from Latin and Greek words * The easiest way to learn about the brain is to look at it as three divisions; the hindbrain, the midbrain and the forebrain * Modern imaging has allowed us to study the brain and locate where important functions are occurring…

    • 1309 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Localization of Brain Function Psychologists have found that the brain often shows “localization of function”. This means that different parts of the brain carry out different tasks, for example, vision, voluntary movement and speech. The idea is that not all parts of the brain do the same thing, and that each part functions on its own, without the aid of other areas of the brain. This may seem obvious, but other organs, such as the liver, do not show localization of function; one part of the liver…

    • 976 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Brain and Cognitive Functions Centuries of philosophy and science have been dedicated to unraveling the mystery behind how cognition occurs, how it maps to areas of the brain, and to what degree cognition is dependant upon these various areas in which cognitive activities are located. Modern neuroscience has helped tremendously to provide some answers as have tests on brain trama patients such as Phineas Gage which revealed startling changes in individual behavior that can be linked to damage…

    • 1083 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Brain Functions Worksheet

    • 865 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet PSY/340 Version 3 1 Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet Provide a brief description for each of the following functions: 1. Basal ganglia Controls cognition and movement coordination as well as voluntary movement. It is also a component of the corpus striatum and it consists of the subthalamic nucleus and the substantial nigra (About.com, 2012). 2. Corpus collosum There is a thick band of nerve fibers and these are called…

    • 865 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Function of the Human Brain By Theresa Higgins Dr. Michael Anatomy & Physiology HS120 December 14, 2008 The Function of the Human Cerebellum Introduction: The human brain is an extremely complicated system which controls all of our functions both physical and physiological. What are the cell/ tissue/ organ/system? 1. Glial is the cell and is one of the most important components of the cerebellum which supports the functions of nervous tissue. The nervous tissue…

    • 682 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Explain one study related to localization of function in the brain (Sperry) Command Term: Explain reasons or causes. Localization of function refers to the belief that specific areas of the cerebral cortex are associated with specific physical or behavioral functions. Examples of case studies to prove how specific locations of the brain can be affected and have an impact on behavior are demonstrated by the HM and Phineas Gage incident. In 1848, when Phineas Gage was tampering iron to press…

    • 755 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Brain Function for Autism

    • 1475 Words
    • 6 Pages

    BRAIN FUNCTION FOR AUTISM Brain Function for Autism Psychology 340 Brain Function for Autism The brain has forever stumped scientist on how it functions and which genetics and behavior place in the picture. With many genetic diseases that passed on through a recessive gene; this can cause physical and mental impairment in their offspring. This paper will be focusing on Autism the effects it has on many people. It has been studied…

    • 1475 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Brain Functions Organizer

    • 532 Words
    • 3 Pages

    BRAIN STRUCTURES, ETYMOLOGY and FUNCTIONS STRUCTURE ETYMOLOGY FUNCTION Prefrontal Cortex (or Frontal Lobe) “relating to the forehead” “hull, husk, pod” (Chudler, n. d.) Controls executive functions such as judgment, managing emotional characteristics, voluntary movement, reasoning, memory, and language skills (Kahn, 2012) Temporal Lobe “temples of the head” “hull, husk, pod” (Chudler, n. d.) Manages hearing, speech, and auditory functions (Kahn, 2012) Occipital Lobe…

    • 532 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Tutorial: The Brain The brain was a mystery for a very long time. Modern imaging has allowed us to study the brain and locate where important functions are occurring. Please remember that the functions do not happen in just one area of the brain. Many neural layers and areas are found in any one activity that happens. But what we do know though is that some areas do appear to be predominantly involved in certain functions. We will learn about the brain in the three-part model. We’ll first look at…

    • 1356 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays