Top-Rated Free Essay

Ferdinand Magellan

Better Essays
Tahreem Yaqoob
Elva Crawford
HIS 101
18 April 2013
History Paper
Introduction
Ferdinand Magellan was an explorer who wanted to get to the Spice Islands sailing west instead of east. He was the first to circumnavigate the globe. Magellan wanted to get to the Spice Islands and prove that they were not far from the new world colonies in doing so, Spain could claim the islands. In completing the task, he gained profit and knowledge first for Spain then himself and he would have had more possibilities to explore if he had not died. Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal in 1480. His parents died when he was a boy. He married his friends daughter her name was Maria Calderna Beatriz Barbosa. They had two children who both died at a young age along with his wife who died later on. He was then sent to the royal court to work because of his family’s heritage. The king allowed him to volunteer to assist Don Francisco de Almeida. At the age of twenty-five Magellan joined a fleet ship of twenty-two ships sent to Francisco de Almeida as his first voyage to Portuguese India. He participated in many battles and wounded himself and then had a limp.
Body
In 1517 Magellan asked King Manuel I to go to the Spice Islands by sailing west but was denied. A few years earlier in 1511 the king sent one of three ships sent from Portugal to conquer the Spice Islands. In the Spice Islands were cinnamon, nutmeg and cloves- spices which were highly prized because they covered up the bad taste if meat spoiled. He approached the king twice but the king thought the easiest way to get to the Spice Islands would be to travel around Africa. Magellan went elsewhere to a Portuguese king and got turned down again just like Columbus. He went to Spain and asked King Charles and the king agreed. Spain was rich because of the new discovery of the new world so the king could financially afford to send Magellan and a crew. He wanted to claim the Spice Islands in the name of Spain and get them away from their main rival Portugal. In the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, the Pope Alexander VI made a line that would divide the world between Spain and Portugal. If Magellan could prove that the Spice Islands were not far from the new world colonies then Spain could claim the valuable islands. So he renounced his Portuguese citizenship and became a Spaniard. Magellan got Spain’s support and became a citizen.
September 1519 he left Spain with five ships including The Flagship Trinidad that was under Magellan’s command, San Antonio, Concepcion, Santiago, and Victoria. They set out to the Canery Islands with nearly two hundred and seventy men. Magellan was warned that the king of Portugal had sent a fleet to stop him from crossing the Atlantic. The King of Portugal didn’t want Spain to gain from Magellan even though he did not want to support the voyage himself. So instead he sailed south along the African coast before turning west. He received a letter from his father in law that three of his Spanish captains were out to kill him. As they got near the equator one of the captains provoked a fight and said he would not obey Magellan anymore, so they arrested him the captain. They continued and avoided a Portuguese fort and instead sailed south to Rio de Janeiro and spent Christmas there in 1519. Then continued and ended up in Patagonia. The winter was near so they decided to wait there for five months. At one point Magellan only controlled two of the five ships. The men in the other ships claimed they were leading them too far south looking for the passage. Magellan and the rest of his crew left the rioters on shore and sailed on in August. They began the search once more and lost one of his ships on the Patagonian coast. Then moved further south spending the last of their winter at Santa Cruz. The crew of one of his ships put their captain in chains and returned to Spain.
On October 21,1520 they reached what today is called the Strait of Magellan, a dangerous route that twists and turns for over 300 miles. Shipwrecks are still common today. It took them a month to navigate the waters and winds. On November 28,1520 they entered a large quiet ocean, Magellan named it El mar Pacifco because it was calm and peaceful but he did not realize Spain already discovered mar del sur. Eventually he didn’t have enough food for the trip because he underestimated the size of the ocean. They had bad luck because where he missed islands he could’ve stopped. They had no fresh food or water for nearly four months, they ate biscuits, rats, and became so desperate they even ate leather. It took them fourteen weeks to reach Guam. Many of his men died on the way.
They moved on and went to the Philippines where he rested his men and took care of them. In Guam they had bananas and coconuts that they had never seen before.
They continued on to Cebu a small island. Rajah Humabon the king of Cebu and his queen Hara Amihan were both friendly to Magellan and his crew. Magellan convinced them both to be baptized as Christians. Afterward, Rajah and his ally Datu Zula convinced Magellan to kill their enemy Datu Lapu-Lapu on Mactan. Magellan wanted Lapu-Lapu to convert to Christianity but he refused. On the morning of April 27,1521 Magellan sailed to Mactan with a small number of people to attack. Forty-nine of Magellan’s crew jumped into the water and walked to shore. They could not pull up to the shore because rocks got in the way. During the walk they had to go through more than two crossbow flights. Magellan ordered the other eleven men to stay behind and guard the boats. When they finally reached land they realized more than one thousand people outnumbered them. When the natives saw them, they charged. As soon as someone recognized Magellan, many of the natives gathered around him and stabbed him to death. The eleven men guarding the longboats retreated. Magellan fought until the end; he died trying to protect his crew.
The two remaining ships set sail through the Philippians; in November they reached the Spice Islands in the Moluccas. The survivors reached the Spice Islands in 1521. Of the two remaining ships one was captured by Portugal who stole 50 tons of cloves and imprisoned the crew. The other ship Victoria reached Spain in September 1522. Eighteen men out of the two hundred and seventy survived to tell the story. Magellan’s own records were captured by the Portugal. The cargo of the voyage was enough to pay for the voyage and make a profit.
Conclusion
Magellan traveled 42,000 miles; he survived enemy plots, starvation, and rebellions until he was finally killed protecting his men. Spain was never able to take over the Spice Islands but they did gain new land and a wealth of navigational knowledge if it was not for Ferdinand Magellan.

Works Cited

Bohlander, Richard E., and John L. Allen. World Explorers and Discoverers. New York

(N.Y.): Da Capo, 1998. Print.

Explorers of the World Ferdinand Magellan. *Schlessinger Media, May 23, 2006. DVD.

Thomas, Hugh. "36." Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire, from

Columbus to Magellan. New York: Random House, 2003. 495-510. Print.

Cited: Bohlander, Richard E., and John L. Allen. World Explorers and Discoverers. New York (N.Y.): Da Capo, 1998. Print. Explorers of the World Ferdinand Magellan. *Schlessinger Media, May 23, 2006. DVD. Thomas, Hugh. "36." Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire, from Columbus to Magellan. New York: Random House, 2003. 495-510. Print.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Christopher Columbus

    • 562 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Christopher Columbus is one of the most well-known explorers in history. Christopher Columbus had many voyages that he had done throughout the years. There was several letters that he had written, one regarding his first voyage was to Luis de Santangel that explained what he had found, and the way he felt during his voyage. Another was his fourth voyage to Ferdinand and Isabella, in which he shows sorrow and regret for his discoveries. In the letters that Christopher Columbus had written his tones were very distinct and different. It is hard to think that it is even the same person wrote the two letters. Columbus made a complete change from arrogant to humble in his attitude.…

    • 562 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Spice Islands and by doing so he proved the world was round. Magellan was…

    • 872 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Christopher Columbus made a total of four voyages in the span of twelve years, from 1492 to 1504. His voyage was not an easy one. He asked the king and queen several times for their finances to make the trip. Christopher Columbus eventually convinced them to allow him and his crew to go because he told them that he would discover a "back door" route to the riches of Asia, India and the "spice islands" - by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean instead of east. Christopher Columbus bought King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella gold, parrots, and spices to prove that he had actually found land. He also brought back with him the natives. While sailing back to Spain hundreds of natives died on Columbus ' three ships, the Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria. The king and queen granted him more money for his next voyage.…

    • 668 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Magellan was a mighty explorer because he converted a lot of people to Christianity and he was the first to discover very important places. When Ferdinand stopped in the Philippines on the island of Cebu, he tried to teach people about his religion, Christianity. People want to spread their religion and make more people a believer of what they believe is the one and only true religion. William Manchester writes in “A World Lit Only By Fire”, that, “by the end of the following week virtually every inhabitant of Cebu- a total of twenty-two hundred, according to one of the flota’s crew- had chosen Christ.” To convert thousands of people in just a few weeks to a totally new religion is a tough job, but Magellan was determined. He was also the first to discover many new places. He was the first to discover the tip of South America and sail around it. The passage he sailed through is now called the Straight of Magellan after him. He and his crew were also the first to sail across the Pacific Ocean. He also did it on limited food supplies. Magellan had many positive moments on the trip but he also had a few flaws.…

    • 786 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who started his voyage in Spain and was the first explorer to circumnavigate, meaning to travel all the around the world. He was killed on April 27, 1521 by the natives on the island of Cebu in the Philippines while many of his own men stayed on the boat despite knowing their captain was in trouble. The question being asked was whether or not this captain was worth defending. This question could be answered either way but in this essay we are going to argue that Magellan was not worth defending. Ferdinand Magellan was not worth defending because he was unorganized, he forced and threatened natives in the Philippines to convert to his religion of Catholicism and lastly, he was bossy and could care less about the crewmembers needs.…

    • 706 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Compare Contrast

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who spent his early life studying language, astronomy, geography and history (Wikipedia 8). He spent his adult life studying the ocean and appealing to the king Ferdinand and Queen Isabella to grant him financial support and a vessel to travel the vast seas in search of new land (Wikipedia 28). He was an explorer at heart and after many failed attempts to impress the king and queen, he was finally granted ships and the finances to discover new land in favor of Spain. He embarked on four major voyages and on his fourth voyage he set foot on the Americas (Wikipedia 29). Though he was not the first man or the first European to set foot in the Americas, he however, is considered to be the first European explorer to discover the Americas as we know and set routes for the rest of the world to follow.…

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Christopher Columbus

    • 680 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Is there a difference between Christopher Columbus and Lewis and Clark? These three men all searched on for new land. Christopher who claimed to have discovered America found a land that was inhabited by many Native Americans. Lewis and Clark also found new land inhabited by many Native Americans. The difference, the way Christopher Columbus worked was he slaughtered many to clear the land, while Lewis and Clark did no such thing. Christopher Columbus discovered North America and was expecting to find a lot of gold. He promised the King and Queen a land full of gold, so he was expected to bring back a ton of gold. The problem was the land was scarce of gold, so since the Native Americans looked up to Columbus as if he was their God, he took advantage of this and put many of them to work as his slaves looking for gold. When they didn’t cooperate he had his men kill them, or cut off arms. Christopher chose to get rid of these Native Americans with a bloody and inhumanely way. Lewis and Clark did not choose a bloody and violent way to take the land from the Native Americans. They tried to cooperate with the Natives. Only until later did the Native Americans get treated poorly, when they were removed for their land, after they were ordered to live like the Europeans. When you hear about Lewis and Clark, you find little evidence of violence done by this expedition. Unlike the Christopher Columbus expedition.…

    • 680 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Christopher Columbus

    • 290 Words
    • 2 Pages

    This letter had a negative and cynical tone. It describes the lands in exhausted state and in destruction. “Of Espanola, Paria, and the other lands, I never think without weeping, I believed that their example would have been to the profit of others; on the contrary, they are in an exhausted state; although they are not dead, the infirmity is incurable or very extensive; let him who brought them to this state come now with the remedy if he can or if he knows it; in destruction, everyone is an adept”.(page 27)…

    • 290 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ferdinand Magellan: Portuguese explorer who was the first person to sail across the Pacific Ocean and to circumnavigate the globe. Sailing under a Spanish commission, he attempted to reach the Spice Islands. After crossing the Pacific, Magellan was killed battling natives in the Philippines but two of his ships returned to Spain.…

    • 806 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Christopher Columbus

    • 327 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The first thing that came to my mind when reading over the first writing assignment was a funny memory trick that I learned when I was younger. Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in fourteen-ninety-two. In remembering this small rhyme, I decided to choose Christopher Columbus as my ocean explorer. At first, I did not know much about Columbus, other than the fact that he sailed the ocean in 1492. So in writing this paper, I decided to do a little research. I used not only our textbook, but the website: “The Columbus Navigation Homepage”.…

    • 327 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ferdinand Magellan (1519-22): sailed from Spain to the tip of South America—1st circumnavigation of the globe—but was killed along the way.…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in Genoa, Italy and died in 1506. He is the one who discovered the continent of America. He is a navigator, colonizer, and explorer. He had four voyages to accomplish his goal, which was to find the new land that Europeans did not know. Since 1484, he suggested supports for many trips to kings or queens in Spain, England, Portugal, and France but all those plans got rejected. Later, he got supports from Queen Isabella and King Fernando from Spain. Christopher Columbus started to make treaty with them. He suggested to have ten percent of money that he earned, one eighth of all trade was his, and wanted himself to be a governor if the land was colonized by him. Queen Isabella and…

    • 636 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Christopher columbus

    • 574 Words
    • 3 Pages

    he called two captains to be witnesses so of him taking possession of the island for…

    • 574 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Christopher Columbus

    • 868 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Christopher Columbus, was he a hero, or villain? For about 500 years, people have praised him and celebrated his life as though he was someone who did good for us. Schools teach students that Columbus was a great man, found gold and pearls, and discovered new lands. Students are even taught the names of Christopher Columbus' three ships he used on his first voyage. However, they grow up not knowing the truth about Christopher Columbus, what he really did to 'accomplish' his tasks. I simply believe that schools should show both sides of Columbus' story, so that students can be aware of the facts behind the 'discovery' of Early America.…

    • 868 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Christopher Columbus

    • 706 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Throughout our life we have celebrated Columbus Day. Christopher Columbus to us is the man who discovered America. But he is not really who they have claimed to be throughout your high school and middle school years. They claim that he is this great person who helped the natives and gave them a better life. In the book “Lies My Teacher Told Me” by James Loewen shows us the real truth about Christopher Columbus. Also in his letter he gives a lot of vivid information that we don’t catch on until we open our minds. In my opinion Columbus was a genocidal leader.…

    • 706 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays