female mutilation

Topics: Human rights, Female genital cutting, Women's rights Pages: 9 (2500 words) Published: October 31, 2013
W7000 – WRITING SKILLS
My research topic is on Female Circumcision, otherwise known as Female Genital Mutilation (FMG). Female Genital Mutilation is a procedure that involves intentional alteration or cutting of female genital organs for non- medical reasons, from age infant to 10 years and older depending on the community. Studies have shown that this practice does not have any health benefit to any female, but rather it causes damages. FGM practice is recognized as a violation of human rights of girls and women; it reflects deep rooted inequality between sexes and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women. No matter the justification or reason that supporters of female genital mutilation my advance, the practice is not only barbaric and primitive, but scientifically and socially uncalled for and should be eradicated. This practice has numerous hazardous health consequences of immediate and delayed complications, apart from their negative psychological and social impact, also sometimes proved fatal in many instances (Rushwan, 1983 and 1994, El Dareer, 1983, Shandal and AbulFutuh, 1967). This violates a person right to health, security and physical integrity. FGM practice is associated with traditional beliefs of communities in Africa, New Zealand, and the United States of America and Canada. This practice is carried out without anesthetics and antiseptic treatments, using basic tools such as knives, scissors, scalpels, pieces of glass and razor blades. Many women in these communities still believe that FGM is necessary to ensure acceptance by their communities and are unaware that the practice is not done by the entire world. This practice has attracted the attention of the WHO (World Health Organization) and UN (United Nation) who have partnered to bring a stop to this menace through research work within communities and changes in public policy. This research topic strikes my interest because even with the awareness, steps and procedures, research still shows that the practice is still on the rise and ongoing, an estimated number of three million girls are estimated to be circumcised in Africa alone. In summary, FGM is a serious traditional practice that adversely affects the health and lives of girls and women, particularly in the African Continent. Within this context it would seem logical to consider and deal with FGM/FC as a synonym of an endemic, epidemic and fatal disease specific to girls and women, whenever and wherever it is prevalent and/or practiced (Abdel Magied, 1998). Nonetheless, internationally the practice is recognized as violence against women and violation of the child's and women's human rights. References:

Rahman, Anika and Toubia Nahid (2000) (Female Genital Mutilation): A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide: Zed Books, London and New York. Questions:
1. Why should FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) practice be eradicated? 2. What are the consequences of FGM (Female Genital Mutilation)

Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide falseAhmed Abdel Magied. Ahfad Journal17.2 (Dec 2000): 59-61. Turn on hit highlighting for speaking browsers
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"Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide" by Anika Rahman and Toubia Nahid is reviewed. "Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide" by Anika Rahman and Toubia Nahid is reviewed. You have requested "on-the-fly" machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Show full disclaimer Neither ProQuest nor its licensors make any...

References: Rahman, Anika and Toubia Nahid (2000) (Female Genital Mutilation): A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide: Zed Books, London and New York.
falseAhmed Abdel Magied. Ahfad Journal17.2 (Dec 2000): 59-61.
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Rahman, Anika and Toubia Nahid (2000) Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide: Zed Books, London and New York
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