Feasibility of Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum Annuum) and Garlic (Allium Sativum) as an Alternative Mosquito Killer

Topics: Garlic, Insect repellent, Chili pepper Pages: 11 (3200 words) Published: June 18, 2013
IV. RESEARCH PLAN
Statement of the Problem/ Objectives
This study will be conducted to show the effectiveness of Cayenne Pepper and Garlic as an alternative Mosquito Killer. Specifically, it will be sought to answer the following questions: 1. Is Cayenne Pepper and Garlic as an alternative Mosquito Killer comparable to the commercial product in terms of: 2.1. Affordability

2.2. Effectiveness
2. What are the properties of Cayenne Pepper and Garlic that can kill mosquitoes? Hypotheses
The following hypotheses were generated to be tested:
1. The Cayenne Pepper and Garlic as an alternative Mosquito Killer is comparable to the commercial product in terms of: 2.1. Affordability
2.2. Effectiveness
2. Cayenne Pepper and Garlic has properties that can kill mosquitoes.

Methodology
In making the Mosquito Killer, 80 grams of garlic which has sulfur that makes it a natural insect repellent and 20 grams of cayenne pepper will be gathered and prepared. Cayenne pepper is a common ingredient in many natural sprays for mosquitoes because it has Capsaicin which disrupts nerve signals, as well as damages membranes in insect’s bodies. The garlic will be chopped into smaller pieces to be placed in a blender with the cayenne pepper, and then 800 ml of water will be added. The mixture will be strained using a clean cloth and transfer it in a spray bottle. In testing the product, the researcher will spray separately the experimental product and the commercial product inside two glass containers with mosquitoes. Afterwards, the mosquitoes will then be observed for 5 minutes. Data Analysis

The combination of Capsicum annuum and Allium sativum will make an effective mosquito killer because Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum annuum) has Capsaicin which disrupts nerve signals, as well as damages membranes in insect’s bodies. This makes cayenne peppers a common ingredient in many natural sprays for garden pests such as spiders, aphids, beetles and mosquitoes. On the other hand, Garlic (Allium sativum) has Sulfur which makes it a natural insect repellent too.

References
Alejo,N. & Malagon, R. (2001). In Vitro Chili Pepper Biotechnology. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology, 37(6), 701-729. Garber, J. (2011). Cayenne Pepper Cures. Retrieved on August 25, 2012, http://www.earthclinic.com/Remedies/cayenne.html Moll, J. (2010). Garlic Benefits. Retrieved on August 25, 2012, http://cholesterol.about.com/od/naturalalternatives/a/garlic.htm Mendham, T. (2003). Garlic as a Mosquito Repellent. Retrieved on August 25, 2012, http://www.garlic-central.com/mosquito.html Nuchuchua,O, Sakuluku, U, Uangwongyart, N, Puttipitakhachorn, N, Soottitantawat, A, & Ruktanonchai, U. (2009). In Vitro Characterization and Mosquito (Aedes aegypti) Repellent Activity of Essential-Oils-Loaded Nanoemulsions. AAPS Pharmscitech, 10(4), 1234-1242. Paz, A, Arámbula, V, & Garfias, A. (2000). Efficient plant regeneration of garlic (Allium Sativum L.) by root-tip culture. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology, 36 (5), 416-419.

V. INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Mosquitoes are blood sucking insects that are responsible for the transmission of many diseases throughout the human and animal populations of the world. Sensitivity to mosquito bites varies with individuals, most people have only a mild reaction but others can have severe symptoms from the saliva of mosquitoes. Typical symptoms include swelling, redness and irritation at the puncture site. If the bites are scratched or traumatized, they may become infected with bacteria and a secondary infection can be initiated, especially on the lower limbs. To lessen the number of mosquitoes, mosquito sprays are highly recommended. There are many types of mosquito repellent sprays, and each has a different purpose and degree of effectiveness. Some are sprayed directly into backyards, while others are applied over human skin. Mosquito repellent...

References: Alejo,N. & Malagon, R. (2001). In Vitro Chili Pepper Biotechnology. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology, 37(6), 701-729.
Garber, J. (2011). Cayenne Pepper Cures. Retrieved on August 25, 2012, http://www.earthclinic.com/Remedies/cayenne.html
Moll, J
Mendham, T. (2003). Garlic as a Mosquito Repellent. Retrieved on August 25, 2012, http://www.garlic-central.com/mosquito.html
Nuchuchua,O, Sakuluku, U, Uangwongyart, N, Puttipitakhachorn, N, Soottitantawat, A, & Ruktanonchai, U
Paz, A, Arámbula, V, & Garfias, A. (2000). Efficient plant regeneration of garlic (Allium Sativum L.) by root-tip culture. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology, 36 (5), 416-419.
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