Fear Induced Emotion on Motivation
University of Texas at Arlington
Anxiety is a psychological, physiological, and behavior state in humans and animals by a threat to well-being or survival, either potential or actual. Each of us has felt afraid, and we can all recognize fear in many animal species. The function state of fear is defined in terms of being caused by a particular pattern of adaptive behavior to avoid or cope with that threat. We have all been in a situation where we are in fear for our lives and we feel like we would go whatever and say whatever to get us out of this situation. Some psychological theories propose that fear is a biologically basic emotion of all humans and many other animals. Psychologist believe that there are different types of fears when can come into different types of environment. One of these fears are motivation/ personality which is fear of evolutionary danger, novelty, intensity, learning, and social activities. People tend to get fear and anxiety mixed up when in reality fear is usually conceptualized with a threatening stimulus, and anxiety is a more tonic state related to prediction and preparedness. Fear is a chain reaction in the brain that starts with a stressful stimulus and ends with the release of chemicals that cause a racing hear, fast breathing and energized muscles, also known as the fight or flight response. There are many things that could trigger this stimulus such as a spider, a knife at your throat, and auditorium full of people waiting for you to speak. The fear response is almost autonomic; we don’t consciously trigger it or even know what’s going on until it has run its course. Because cells in the brain are constantly transferring information and triggering response there are many areas of the brain that involve fear. Researchers have discovered that certain parts of the brain play central roles in the process, such as they thalamus which decides where to send incoming sensory data from eyes, ears, mouth, or skin, the sensory cortex which interprets sensory data, the hippocampus which sores and retrieves conscious memories; processes sets of stimuli to establish context, the amygdala which decodes emotions, determines possible threat, stores fear memories, and the hypothalamus, which activates the fight or flight response. Usually the process of fear begins with a stimulus and ends with the fight or flight response. Fear of fear probably causes more problems in our lives than fear which means an anxious feeling, caused by our anticipation of some imagined even or experience. Fear like other emotions is basically information which offers us knowledge and understanding if we choose to accept our psychobiological status. As I described before different types of fear I will know talk about other types of fear which they call the five basic fears in which we live by every day. The first is extinction, which is the fear of annihilation, or fear of death, the idea of no longer being arouses anxiety in all normal humans (Albrecht 2012). The second fear is mutilation which is fear of losing any part of our precious bodily structure, the thought of having body’s boundaries invaded, or of losing the integrity of any body part, or natural functions (Albrecht 2012). Another thing that arouses the fear of mutilation is animals such as bugs, snakes, spiders, or any scary thing. The third type of fear is loss of autonomy which is fear of being immobilized, paralyzed, restricted, enveloped, overwhelmed, entrapped, imprisoned, smothered, or controlled by certain circumstances (Albrecht 2012). People who are claustrophobic have a fear of loss of autonomy. The fourth type of fear is separation which is the fear of abandonment, rejection, and loss of connectedness of becoming a non-person, or not wanted in this world, loss of respect by people or loss of value by people (Albrecht 2012). The final type of emotion of the five basic fears is ego-death which is...
References: Albrecht, K. (2012, March 22). The (Only) Five Basic Fears We All Live By. Psychology Today: Health, Help, Happiness + Find a Therapist. Retrieved May 4, 2014, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/brainsnacks/201203/the-only-five-basic-fears-we-all-live
Steimer, T. (2002, September). The biology of fear and anxiety related behaviors. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved May 4, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3181681/
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