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Safeguarding the wellbeing of children and young people.
1 Policies and procedures for safeguarding and child protection in England and Wales are the result of the Children Act 1989. The Children Act 2004 introduced further changes to the way the child protection system is structured and organised.
The Children Act 1989 makes it clear to anyone who works with children or young people what their duties and responsibilities are in a childcare setting and how they must work together with other practitioners in the event of allegations of child abuse.
The Children Act 2004 came into place as it was proved that services were not working together or communicating, therefore lots of vulnerable children were victims of child abuse which could have been avoided if services communicated and worked together.
The Vetting and Barring Scheme, introduced in October 2009, was introduced to stop unsuitable people being able to work with children. Anyone who works with children must have a CRB check, to keep track on a person’s criminal record, so if anything comes up, they will not be allowed to work with children.
Safeguarding is not just protecting children and young people from neglect or any kind of direct abuse, it is also about doing anything to avoid dangers or hazards which could cause accidents, protecting children against crime and bullying and promoting a healthy lifestyle.
National and local policies state that it is vital that someone working in a childcare setting can recognise if a child is at risk of harm due to vulnerability. This is important as the sooner a practitioner can recognise any signs or indicators of abuse, the sooner this can be dealt with. If somebody who is working in a childcare setting, suspects a child is being abused, they must follow their safeguarding policy for their setting. Every childcare setting’s policy must include information about health and safety, outings, child protection, performing personal care and when visitors come to

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