Fayols 14 Principles

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HOW FAYOL 'S 14 PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT

ARE USED IN A MILITARY ENVIRONMENT

By

Mark Culligan

"The process of coordinating and integrating work activities so that they are completed efficiently and effectively with and through other people".

(Henri Fayol "General and Industrial Management."(1916))

Introduction
Management is a very complex field. Not only must managers pay attention to what is best for the organization, but they also have to do what is best for their customers. At the same time, the manager must satisfy the need of their employees. Henri Fayol developed fourteen principles of management in 1916 that organisations are recommended to apply to order to run properly. This paper will show how some of Fayols principles are still demonstrated today in the military environment to which I work.

Management
The term "management" characterizes the process of and/or the personnel leading and directing all or part of an organization (often a business) through the deployment and manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible).1 Fayols 14 priciples in effect cover all parts of what a good manager should aim to achieve and to achieve this, managers must undertake the following roles and actions.

· to forcast and plan
· to organise
· to command
· to co-ordinate
· to control

However, Fayol himself cautioned that managers could not operate solely on the basis of these principles—managers needed to know more than how to plan, organize, command, coordinate, and control. Each business was different, and managers had to have extensive knowledge of the businesses they managed.3

"I believe the real difference between success and failure in a corporation can be very often traced to the question of how well the organization brings out the great energies and talents of its people."2 (Thomas Watson 1963)

Fayol Principles within the Military
Most of Fayols principles can be found within the working



References: 1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management 23/10/06. 2 Thomas J. Watson, Jr, A Business and its Beliefs (1963) 3 James S. Pepitone, Transforming Human Potential into Productive Business Performance, Butterworth- Heinemann Ltd (2000). 4 Abraham Maslow 1908-1970, American anthropologist. 5 http://www.bola.biz/competence/fayol.html 14/11/06. 6 Henri Fayol "General and Industrial Management" (1916).

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