From the outset of the play the chorus calls Romeo and Juliet "star-crossed lovers" and the frequent foreshadowing of fate creates the sense that destiny shall claim superiority. All events surrounding the lovers such as: the feud between the two families, the horrible series of accidents that ruin Friar's well-intentioned plans, the tragic timing of Romeo's suicide and Juliet's awakening all work in the hands of fate. These events also contribute to the outcome of the young lovers death.
Even though Romeo and Juliet were helpless victims of fate, they were also agents of fate. This is evident after Romeo kills Tybalt he reacts by saying: "O I am fortunes fool" yet it is due to Romeo's impetuous nature that led to this calamity. Again, Romeo exhibits this weakness before going to the Capulet feast he says: "Some consequence yet hanging in the stars, Shall bitterly begin this fearful date...by some vile forfeit of untimely death..."
We see Juliet's acceptance to the fact that the heavens are against Romeo and Juliet's relationship when Capulet forces her to marry Paris, she says: "Is there no piety sitting in the clouds that sees into the bottom of my grief?" This is also evident when the nurse betrays Juliet, she cries: "Alack...heaven practice stratagems upon so soft a subject as myself."
The generation gap between Romeo and Juliet and their parents is one of the chief functions leading to the tragedy. This is observed when Juliet refuses to marry Paris, Capulet insults her by calling her "green sickness carrion!" Romeo and Juliet could not confide in their parents about their love. We see this in the opening of the play, Montague finds it difficult to understand Romeo and he tells Benvolio: "both by myself and many other friends. His own affections counsel are to himself."
The powerful nature of Romeo and Juliet's love is also a prime factor that leads to the tragedy. This is evident at the feast when Tybalt sees...
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