Julius Caesar was one of the greatest and most important leaders of ancient Rome. Although before ruling Rome, Caesar was many things, such as a general and a dictator. His early career began when Sulla had taken control over Rome after winning the Battle of Collin Gate. She gave him the position of dictator then took away his position along with his wife’s dowry, inheritance, and his priesthood. Julius moved far away from Sulla and joined the Roman Legion. While serving he won the Civic Crown for heroism at the Siege of Mytilene. Shortly after Caesar was captured by pirates, he killed them all as he promised. Rome was so proud they first elected him as military tribune, then in 69 B.C. he was elected as Qaestor.
In 62 B.C. Julius was elected Praetor, where he supported a man named Mettelus Celer. Caesar and Celer became so disruptive they were both kicked out of office. Although Caesar was reinstated shortly after he quelled a public demonstration. He was given the job Governer of Hispania, however, he needed to satisfy in creditors before he could take up his post, but he was in debt. In exchange for political support, one of the wealthiest man in Rome named Marcus Licinius, helped pay off some of his debt. To prevent prosecutions for the rest of his unpaid debts Julius left the office before his term limit was over. While in Spain he did conquer the Callaici and the Lusitani. He was hailed as Imperator for his victories by the Legions. Caesar was entitled to the honour of a Triumph after his return to Rome. After he had also tried to run for Consul, but wasn’t able to do both. They prohibited him to the choice of either ascending him to the pinnacle of Roman politics or entering Rome as a general. .
At the age of eighteen, queen Cleopatra ruled Egypt in 51 B.C. She had co-ruled for years with her father , but after his death he stated in his will she could take over as long as she married her younger brother Ptolemy XIII. The will was approved by Pompey the Great in Rome. Cleopatra ruled alone because Ptolemy was still yet underage. While he was still under the council of Pothinus , he had a plan to dethrone his sister and rule alone. Cleopatra left Egypt and headed off to Syria. Ptolemy and Polythemis eventually beheaded Pompey and hoped to win over Caesar with it, but in their surprise he was upset with it and had an appropriate burial for Pompey.
Cleopatra had known Caesar when she was younger for her father’s exile in Rome 58-55 B.C. When they met again Caesar had her brought to him while only clothed with a rug. She seduced him and won his affection. Pothinus was killed and Caesar had her reinstated. Ptolemy was still plotting something with Cleopatra’s other sister, Arsino IV. Caesar went to put a stop to it and Ptolemy drowned crossing the Nile, and Arsino ran to Asia Minor. This left Cleopatra to marry her other younger brother Ptolemy XIV.
Ceaser and Cleopatra went on a two month cruise on the Nile, where they soon became lovers. They eventually had child together in 47 B.C., named Caesarion. This was Caesar’s only living child scince his daughter from a past wife , named Julia, died giving child birth, like her mother, a couple years before Caesarion was born. Caesarion and Cleopatra had stayed in a palace Caesar had built for them, until he was killed in 44 B.C. As their son being the rightful heir, she tried to get him recognition. When all failed she returned to Alexandria with her son by her side.
So Caesar just about held every important title in ancient Rome in his lifetime, including tribune of people, high commander in the army, consul and high priest. Approved by the Senate, he made new laws. People flocked to the Forum if Caesar wanted to share any of his ideas. Many people of Rome adored Caesar, they even named the month of July after him. In fact they trusted him whenever he told them he could solve crime, high taxes, and starvation. Rome was in bad shape. Many people were out of jobs, because it was easier for the slaves to do it instead.
Since the government couldn’t fix most of Rome’s problems, the people began getting more and more frustrated and started putting more and more hope into Caesar. They were all thrilled when Julius eventually promised to help them. He became more popular and powerful each day, because the people needed him in a higher position if they wanted him to solve their problems
Caesar had his own army, which was one of the best. This made the Senate worry that he would take over Rome and rule as king, but it was vowed by the leaders of Rome that no king would rule again. Caesar ignored law of the original Twelve Tables that no Roman general could enter the city with their army. With the Roman Legion, he took over the government in 49 BCE. All the unwealthy citizens of Rome’s population were ecstatic. Everyone called him “father of the homeland”, the Senate wasn’t very happy with everyone’s appreciation for Caesar.
The Senate’s anger rises with Caesar the more powerful he gets, which led to their plan to assassinate him. After Caesar was given the position of Dictator for the third time and for ten more years he was given the right of the title Perfect to Morals and a Censor. Shortly after that he was voted Dictator for Life by the Senate. It was said by Cassius Dio that Senate voted Caesar as the new honors, but he refused to stand in their presence, which was a main reason for his assassination. Some who still support Caesar say he couldn’t stand due to server diarrhea, while others that have hate for him say he walked home unassassinated. Almost everyone in Rome was already expecting Caesar to declare himself as king after he returned home. It was said that someone put a laurel wreath on the head statue of Caesar in Rostra. Two men named Gaius Marcellus and Lucius Flavus had the laurel wreath removed since it was on royal grounds. Shortly after Caesar had them both put out of office.
It was also said by Suetonius that Lucius Cotta asked the Senate to make Caesar king since everyone believed only a king could defeat the Kingdom of Parthia. Afterward Brutus started to disagree with Caesar, his brother-in-law and many others who went by the name of Liberato Nicolaus of Damascus wrote that, "the conspirators never met openly, but they assembled a few times in each other’s houses. There were many discussions and proposals, as might be expected, while they investigated how and where to execute their design." Caesar began creating a campaign in the east to attack Scythia, Parthia, and the Caucasus before planning to attack Germania. Caesar wanted to leave in March, so the Liberators had to leave soon for attack or miss the whole thing. Cassius met with conspirators for the last time two days before the assassinations. He told them if their plan was revealed they were to kill themselves with their own weapons immediately. Read more at Suite101: The Assassination of Julius Caesar | Suite101 http://suite101.com/article/the-assassination-of-julius-caesar-a253558#ixzz2HR3O9vyX Follow us: @suite101 on Twitter | Suite101 on Facebookrs.
A gladiator contest was staged at Theater of Pompey by the Liberators on March 1, 44 B.C. just for the Senators. The assassins wait at the entrane of the theatre for Caesar. He was alerted the night before by Casca and Antony helped Caesar to the steps of the Forum, but the Liberators took Caesar as he arrived to the theater. When Caesar arrived, Cimber offered a petition for Cimber’s brother at exile. Senators began to gather around for support as Cimber pulled Caesar by his tunic, while Casca tried to strike Caesar at the neck with his dagger. Caesar caught his arm before the dagger reached his neck, but after a few seconds 60 people, including his old friend Brutus, was all joining Casca and Cimber. Caesar attempted to escape, but was blinded by blood, and caught by his robe. Medical historians claim that he suffered from 23 stab wounds, but only one was fatal and his death was caused by blood loss.
Plutarch claims Brutus tried to give a speech to the Senators who had just witnessed Caesars death, but they fled the building. Brutus and a few others made their way to the Capitol to be honored by grateful citizens of Rome, but instead many had locked themselves in their homes after hearing about the assassination. Caesar’s body was still in the spot it was left for three hours until government officials finally showed up and took it away. Shortly after, a statue of Caesar was put up in the Forum showing the similar 23 stab wounds on Caesar’s body. Many people crowded around the statue and started a fire that damaged the Forum and Curia. This is where the Senate usually held their meetings. The death of Julius Caesar caused the fall of the Roman Empire, but was the beginning for the rise of Emperor Augustus which helped the chaos. webiste ciration for essay -"Julius Caesar and Cleopatra | Suite101." Suite101. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2013.
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Nicolaus of Damascus wrote that, "the conspirators never met openly, but they assembled a few times in each other’s houses. There were many discussions and proposals, as might be expected, while they investigated how and where to execute their design."
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