Famine and Food Shortage

Topics: Famine, Malnutrition, Food Pages: 2 (584 words) Published: August 24, 2011
There are many issues that can cause food problems

Problems one has with certain foods or in relation to eating including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and milder conditions And one of the example food problems are:

A famine is a widespread scarcity of food that may apply to any faunal species. This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality. Emergency measures in relieving famine primarily include providing deficient micronutrients, such asvitamins and minerals, through fortified sachet powders or directly through supplements. The famine relief model increasingly used by aid groups calls for giving cash or cash vouchers to the hungry to pay local farmers instead of buying food from donor countries, often required by law, as it wastes money on transport costs. Long-term measures include investment in modern agriculture techniques, such as fertilizers and irrigation, which largely eradicated hunger in the developed world. World Bank strictures restrict government subsidies for farmers, and increasing use of fertilizers is opposed by some environmental groups because of its unintended consequences: adverse effects on water supplies and habitat. Causes of famine

Definitions of famines are based on three different categories – these include food supply-based, food consumption-based and mortality-based definitions. Some definitions of famines are: Blix – Widespread food shortage leading to significant rise in regional death rates. Brown and Eckholm – Sudden, sharp reduction in food supply resulting in widespread hunger. Scrimshaw – Sudden collapse in level of food consumption of large numbers of people. Ravallion – Unusually high mortality with unusually severe threat to food intake of some segments of a population. Cuny – A set of conditions that occurs when large numbers of people in a region cannot obtain sufficient food, resulting in widespread, acute malnutrition. Some...
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