INTRODUCTION During the ancient period(primitive age ),people were ignorant on how to control or prevent unwanted pregnancy ,those who an idea were using traditional method which is not 100% effective and safe to the health, with the invention of technology and education ,modern ways of controlling and spacing of pregnancy were introduced .Modern contraceptive includes the modern ways of reducing high fertility which is also known as FAMILY PLANNING Family planning is the practice of controlling the number of children in a family and the intervals between their births through the means of artificial contraception. It is a kind of program introduced in the society reduces the birth rate enable economic growth(birth control).
Origin and Evolution of family planning
The idea of modern population control is attributed to Thomas Malthus (1766–1834), who in 1798 articulated his doctrine attributing virtually all major social and environmental problems to population expansion associated with the industrial revolution. However, as a clergyman turned economist, Malthus was opposed to artificial methods of fertility control. He advocated abstinence and letting nature take its toll and allowing the poor to die.
In contrast, birth control emerged as a radical social movement led by socialists and feminists in the early twentieth century in the United States. The anarchist Emma Goldman (1869–1940) promoted birth control not only as a woman 's right and worker 's right, but also as a means to sexual freedom outside of conventional marriage. But soon birth control became increasingly medicalized and associated with science and corporate control as well as with the control of reproduction within marriage and conventional family life. As the radicals Poster advocating small families, Singapore, 1972. Due to a demographic imbalance, by the mid-twentieth century countries in the southern hemisphere had a much denser population than those
References: Family Planning - Origin And Evolution Of Family Planning - Control, Birth, Population, and United - JRank Articles http://science.jrank.org/pages/9313/Family-Planning-Origin-Evolution-Family-Planning.html#ixzz2HHLuxP5a Div of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC. Measure DHS Publication on family planning