Family Planning

Topics: Birth control, Menstrual cycle, Intrauterine device Pages: 2 (469 words) Published: October 6, 2010
Artificial Methods

Many couples choose to delay or forgo having children. Some couples choose to use natural methods of family planning, such as the fertility awareness method or abstinence. Many others choose to use artificial methods of family planning. When choosing a birth control method, it's important to consider the effectiveness and health risks that may pertain to each method. Talking to your OB-GYN can help you to make the best decision for your unique circumstances.

1.) Pills
The birth control pill (also called "the Pill") is a daily pill that contains hormones to change the way the body works and prevent pregnancy. Hormones are chemical substances that control the functioning of the body's organs. In this case, the hormones in the Pill control the ovaries and the uterus.

2.) Intrauterine device or intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) IUD is a form of birth control that involves an object placed in the uterus to prevent fertilization of the egg by sperm, inhibit tubular transport, and prevent implantation of the blastocyst into the endometrium. The intrauterine device (IUD) is a T-shaped piece of plastic about the size of a quarter that is placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. Two types of IUDs are available — one is covered with copper, the other releases the hormone progesterone.

3.) Vasectomy
Vasectomy is a minor surgical procedure wherein the vasa deferentia of a man are severed, and then tied/sealed in a manner which prevents sperm from entering the seminal stream (ejaculate). Vasectomy should not be confused with castration (male), which is the surgical removal of one's testicle(s).

4.) Tubal Ligation
Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure during which the fallopian tubes are cut and sealed in order to make it impossible for the egg to travel down from the tubes to the uterus. It also stops sperm from entering the uterus and the egg and sperm cannot meet each other, hence, fertilization cannot happen. It...
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