Family and Grandparents

Powerful Essays
Topics: Family
Grandparents Raising Grandchildren

Tanya McDonald

Research and Urban Social Problems
Professor Dr. Melissa B. Littlefield
March 30, 2008
Table of Contents

Page

Introduction ……………………………………………………………………... 3 Abstract …………………………………………………………………………..4

Literature Review ………………………………………………………………..4

Hypothesis……………………………………………………………………….11

Methodology………………………………………………….………………….11 Data Collection………………………………………….……………….11 Source…………………………………………………….………………l1 Location………………………………………………….………………12 Time……………………………………………………….……………. 12

Instrument………………………………………………………….…………….12 Surveys…………………………………………………….……………..12 Demographics……………………………………………….……………12 Age………………………………………………….…………….12 Race………………………………………………….……………12 Health Issues…………………………………………..…………..12 Socioeconomic Status……………………………………..………12

Content of Survey………………………………………………………………….12 What questions are you attempting to answer?………………….…………12 Analytical Strategies……………………………………………………..…………13 SPSS version 15.0 windows Cross Tab with Chi Square analysis Age Chart Race Chart Health Status Chart Economic Status Chart

Findings/Results of Research………………………………………….…………..14
Implications for Social Work Practice………………………………….…………15

Bibliography…………………………………………………………….…………16

Grandchildren 3

Introduction

The purpose of this quantitative study is to determine the various barriers faced by grandparent caregivers. Recent studies indicate that the percentage of grandparent caregiver has increased substantially in 2005, the U.S. Census Bureau (Simmons & Dye, 2003) reported that 3.6% (5.8 million) of adults 30 years and older were living with a grandchild younger than 18years old (2.4 million) of whom were responsible for raising their grandchildren. The factors contributing to this increase are as varied and complex as the barriers facing grandparents today. This study will evaluate the age, race, financial, medical and mental



Bibliography: Andrews, F.E. Mitstifer, D. I., Rehm, M., & Vaughn, G. G. (1995). Leadership: Reference human action. East Lansing, MI: Kappa Omicron Nu. AARP (2003). Financial assistance for grandparent caregivers. Retrieved November 11, 2003 from http://aarp.org/confacts/money/tanf.html/ Area Agency on Aging of the Capital Area (2002) (www.aaacap.org) University of Berkeley, School of Social Welfare. Bianchi. S. (1995). ‘Changing economic roles of women and men.’ In R. Farley (ed.), State of the Union America in the 1990’s vol. 1. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Bronfenbrenner, G., (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Bryson, K., and Casper L. (1998). ‘Co-resident grandparents and their grandchildren.’ Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P 23-198. Casper, L. M., S. S. McLanahan, and I. Garfinkel. (1994.) ‘The gender-poverty gap: what we can learn from other countries.’ American Sociological Review, 59 (4), 594-60. Cherlin, A.J. and F.F. Furstenber, Jr. (1986.) The New American Grandparent: A place in the Family, A life Apart. New York: Basic Books. Cootnz, S. (1992.) The way we never were: American families and the nostalgia trap. New York: Basic Books. Dowdell, E. B. (1995.) ‘Caregiver burden: grandparents raising their high-risk children.’ Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 33 (3), 27-30. Fuller-Thomson, E, M. Minkler, and D. Driver. (1997.) ‘ A profile of grandparents raising grandchildren in the United States.’ The Gerontologist. 37, 685-690. Germain C. B., & Gitterman A. (1987). Ecological perspective, In A. Minahan (Ed-in-Chief), Encyclopedia of Social Work (18th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 488-499.) Silver Spring, MF: National Association of Social Workers. Hagestad, G. O. (1985.) ‘Continuity and connectedness.’ In Bengtson, V.L. and J. F. Robertson (eds.), Grandparenthood. Beverley Hills, CA: Sage, 31-48 Grandparent 18 Harden, A. W., R. L. Clark, and K. Maguire. (1997.) Informal and Formal Kinship Care. Washington, D. C.; U.S. Department of Health and Human Service. In Pittsburgh Newsweekly. (1996.) Kathy Jo Kramer, ‘To grandmother’s house they go.’ December 19-25. (1996), 12-13. McLanahan S.S. and G. Sandefur. (1994.) Growing Up with a single Parent: What Hurts, What Helps? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Minkler, M. and K.M. Roe (1996.) Grandparents as surrogate parents.’ Generations, 20, 34-38. New York Times, (1991.) Lawrence Cutler, ‘More and more, grandparents raise grandchildren.’ April 7, 1991, C12. Philadelphia Inquirer. (1994.) Mary Books, ‘Raising the grandchildren.’ March 2, 1994, GI. Poehlmann, Julie. (2005.) An attachment perspective on grandparents raising their very young grandchildren: Implications for Intervention and Research. Rossi, A. S. and P. H. Rossi. (1990.) Of Human Bonding: Parent-Child Relations Across the Life Course. New York; Aldyne de Gruyter. Rutrought, T. S. and B. P. Ofstedal. (1997.) ‘Grandparents living with grandchildren: a metropolitan-nonmetropolitan comparison.’ (1997) Population Association of American Annual Meeting. U. S. Senate. (1992.) Grandparents as Parents: Raising a Second Generation. Special Committee on Aging Serial Number 102-24. Washington Post. (1991.) Michele Norris, ‘Grandmothers who fill void carved by drugs.’ August 30, 1991, C12.

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