Through her book, Families on the fault line, Lillian Rubin takes a closer look at the working- class American family life. Out of to interviewing 162 families, Rubin compares the present and the past of these families, examines how the American working-class families have changed, and how these changes have affected their lives. The book also goes deep into how these families have responded to the social and political changes that have been taking place for the last two decades. The main themes of the book that Rubin try to demonstrate are the economic decline resulted by the recession and the racial tension in the American society. She also tries to connect between these two themes to create a broad theme showing how the current economical situation and race issues have affected the life of working class Americans in particular. Within the two main themes of the book, Rubin branches many other mini themes that are rived from the main themes. One of these mini themes that Rubin discussed and also this reaction paper will be focusing on is how gender roles in the working- class families have been changing since the last two decades since the book was written, and how the issues of identity, motivation, and vulnerabilities have been changing for men and women. One of the powerful statements that Rubin mentioned which perfectly describes the above issue is ; as stated on page 81, “But the old image of mom in the kitchen with an apron tied around her middle no longer fits either the economic or psychological lives of families today.” By this statement, the readers get the sense that what Rubin is trying to say is that; the continuous economic declining changed the sceneries in the working- class families, initially by the Mom leaving home for work as a necessity and (1)
then it became something else that created a transformation of the family life. First, Before digging more into analyzing and evaluating Rubin’s point on this issue, I...
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