Fallacy

Topics: Fallacy, Logic, Argumentative Pages: 3 (553 words) Published: September 25, 2013

A fallacy is incorrect reasoning in argumentation resulting in a misconception. By accident or design, fallacies may exploit emotional triggers in the listener or interlocutor , or take advantage of social relationships between people. Fallacious arguments are often structured using rhetorical patterns that obscure the logical argument, making fallacies more difficult to diagnose. Also, the components of the fallacy may be spread out over separate arguments. A fallacy has a lot of forms  1 Fallacies

1.1 Fallacy of Accident or Sweeping Generalization
1.2 Converse Fallacy of Accident or Hasty Generalization
1.3 Irrelevant Conclusion
1.4 Affirming the Consequent
1.5 Denying the antecedent
1.6 Begging the question
1.7 Fallacy of False Cause
1.8 Fallacy of many questions
1.9 Straw man
 2 Verbal fallacies
2.1 Equivocation
2.2 Connotation fallacies
2.3 Argument by innuendo
2.4 Amphiboly
2.5 Fallacy of Composition
2.6 Division
2.7 Proof by verbosity
2.8 Accent
2.9 Figure of Speech
2.10 Fallacy of Misplaced Concretion
2.10.1 Example 1
2.10.2 Example 2
 3 Deductive fallacy
3.1 Formalisms and frameworks used to understand fallacies

Non sequitur- in formal logic, is an argument in which its conclusion does not follow from its premises. In a non sequitur, the conclusion can be either true or false, but the argument is fallacious because there is a disconnection between the premise and the conclusion. All formal fallacies are special cases of non sequitur. The term has special applicability in law, having a formal legal definition. Many types of known non sequitur argument forms have been classified into many different types of logical fallacies. Post hoc ergo propter hoc- is a logical fallacy that states, "Since that event followed this one, that event must have been caused by this one." It is often shortened to simply post hoc and is also sometimes referred to as false cause, coincidental correlation, or correlation not causation....
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